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November 24, 2008 Permalink

The International Space Station turns 10

This month marks the 10th anniversary of the first launched module of the International Space Station (ISS). The module Zarya was lifted into orbit on November 20th, 1998 by a Russian Proton rocket lifting off from Baikonur, Kazhakstan. In the decade since, 44 manned flights and 34 unmanned flights have carried further modules, solar arrays, support equipment, supplies and a total of 167 human beings from 15 countries to the ISS, and it still has a ways to go until it is done. Originally planned to be complete in 2003, the target date for completion is now 2011. Aside from time spent on construction, ISS crew members work on a good deal of research involving biology and physics in conditions of microgravity. If humans are ever to leave the Earth for extended periods, the ISS is designed to be the place where we will discover the best materials, procedures and safety measures to make it a reality. (32 photos total)

In December 1998, the crew of Space Shuttle Mission STS-88 began construction of the International Space Station - Astronaut James Newman is seen here making final connections the U.S.-built Unity node to the Russian-built Zarya module. The crew carried a large-format IMAX camera from which this picture was taken. (NASA)
more photos
This page lists only comments and the first photo for the entry.
To see the entire entry, with all photographs, click here.

239 comments so far...

Nothing but wonderful pictures! Man, I feel so small when I see this!

...first post! :D

Posted by Magzime November 24, 08 01:00 PM

awesome pictures, as usual, but I have a question about #27 : "The Canadarm2 aboard the ISS has multiple joints and is capable of maneuvering payloads as massive as 116,000 kilograms"

isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?

Posted by somewhere November 24, 08 01:05 PM

Outstanding photos. Look forward to another ten years.

Posted by SouthernFried November 24, 08 01:07 PM

13,17,19,21: THIS, is a mess...

Posted by Threma November 24, 08 01:12 PM

really exciting pictures! compliments

Posted by iShotPix November 24, 08 01:15 PM

Great Pics. I know there's a running battle between those who want current events related pictures and those who want these kinds. Nice balance though.

Posted by ws November 24, 08 01:17 PM

For #21, TVIS actually stands for Treadmill with Vibration Isolation and Stabilization.

Posted by Will November 24, 08 01:20 PM

Weight != mass.

Posted by Peter November 24, 08 01:20 PM

to somewhere:

weight is equal to zero in the sense that objects aren't attracted to the ground. However, if you have for example to pull a car on flat ground, you still need to put effort. This (ignoring frictions) is because force is needed to modify the speed of objects.

Posted by Zeppe November 24, 08 01:22 PM

@somewhere: In space, the WEIGHT is equal to zero, bot not the MASS! An object with a mass of, for example, 1000Kg hitting one of only 50Kg will inevitably push it back. The weight is a way of measuring the mass in an environment with gravity, but in space, an object can be heavier than another one.

Posted by Magzime November 24, 08 01:26 PM

kilograms are mass units, no weight units

Posted by An answer to comment #2 November 24, 08 01:29 PM

@2: kilograms are a unit of mass, not weight. Weight describes the force gravity exerts on an object, and is, indeed, near zero in space. Mass describes the amount of matter in an object, and all things that have mass on Earth have the same mass in space. Mass affects not only weight, but a variety of other properties... the relevant one, here, is inertia: it takes more force to move a massive object than a non-massive one, hence the need for a more powerful arm attachment.

Posted by Andrew Pendleton November 24, 08 01:30 PM

>>isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?

weight yes
mass no
weight = mass x gravity
mass = force / acceleration

so(even in space) if you want to move something what have a lot of mass you still need a lot of force.

Posted by TadyZ November 24, 08 01:31 PM

"isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?"
Essentially, yes. Weight is the effect of gravity on mass, and since everything in orbit is in effect in freefall you don't notice weight.
The objects still have mass (they don't stop being made of atoms etc!) in space. Therefore Newton's laws still apply, so to accelerate mass you have to apply force, and if you push off something there'll be an equal and opposite reaction etc. Thus the robotic arm could still snap if overloaded or not move something which was too massive.

Posted by Ed P November 24, 08 01:31 PM

@ somewhere, post 2 :
I'm not sure how to explain in english but i'll give it a try : yes "all weight in space equal to zero" but the mass is constant and so objects still have inertia. If you want to put something in movement you have to exerce a force, and the same force to stop it (Force equal mass time acceleration).

Posted by Nicolas November 24, 08 01:31 PM


Still, an object that has mass and isnt moving requires energy to get it moving and also energy to stop it from moving. Weight may be zero, but mass is still 116,000 kilograms.

Posted by Eric H. November 24, 08 01:32 PM

"isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?"

Yes, but mass is not. In other words, they still have momentum...

Posted by Scott Genevish November 24, 08 01:32 PM

Two things you won't see here:
1. A price tag for all this
2. A single interesting experimental result

Posted by danvk November 24, 08 01:32 PM

>> isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?

Technically yes, but it still has mass and in order to move something you have to change it's momentum, which requires an opposite force. There's (mostly) no friction in space, so in order to move an object, you have to be able to supply an equal opposite force stop it's momentum. With a very heavy object, you need very capable joints.

Oops, looks like others have answered that question too :P

Posted by Kyle November 24, 08 01:33 PM

"isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?"

Yes, but the article doesn't mention weight. It mentions mass, the units for which are kilograms. Weight is a force which is measured in Newtons in the metric system. Matter always has mass regardless of gravity. Mass has at least two effects. One is that is generates gravity and is attracted by the gravity of other masses. This is where weight comes from. Another is inertia, or the resistance to changing velocity (which includes direction). Larger masses are harder to move around even in space, as they take longer to speed up, slow down or change direction for a given amount of force (such as might be exerted by a mechanical arm or the arm of an astronaut). To connect this with your own experience, this is akin to trying to start and stop a very heavy object that is moving on very low friction wheels/rollers here on earth.

Posted by David November 24, 08 01:35 PM

In answer to Somewhere who asks about weight in space being zero:

You're right that the weight is zero.
But the payloads still have their respective masses and that means that they will be subject to inertia regardless of gravity.
I'm no expert on the Canadarm2 but I think that it means that the arm is able to withstand the forces that the inertia of the various payloads exert on it, up to the forces that would be exerted by moving something with mass of 116 tonnes.

Posted by Helios November 24, 08 01:35 PM

@Magzime: you lost all credibility with your juvenile "first" post.

In other words, you are wrong. It's called micro-gravity because there is micro-weight. There is -- however -- mass.

Posted by Hax Or November 24, 08 01:36 PM

Wow, no need for a mono pod (image 7) when using a lens that big in weightlessness!

Posted by Jason November 24, 08 01:40 PM

Great photos - thanks for compiling.

That said, this project is a spectacular waste of money. Most of the experiments can be done without spending extravagent hundreds of billions. And countries don't need to go to space to cooperate.

Posted by Justin Buckland November 24, 08 01:41 PM


Weight is 0, but mass is constant. Here's a link to Wikipedia on Mass:

Posted by SteveG November 24, 08 01:46 PM

Interesting little factoid. In picture 12 If you look in the 2nd window on the left, you can see one of the astronauts' iPods. I'm not sure how easy it is to zoom on the photos on this site, but the original is at a much higher resolution and it is much easier to tell what it is. The original is at the NASA website. I'll try and find a link later today.

Posted by Sir Struggle November 24, 08 01:57 PM


It has no weight, but it still has mass. Force is still required to get a payload moving into position.

Posted by Tarrkid November 24, 08 01:57 PM

Long hair must be even more annoying in zero g.

Posted by Hsu November 24, 08 01:59 PM

*whistles* Nice job! Really love the shots of the water droplet and the self-taken photo of the helmet visor.

Posted by Nicholas Bonsack November 24, 08 01:59 PM

Can someone identify the photos and magazine covers in #21? Second from the left, partially covered by Michael Foale, is Yuri Gagarin. Who are the others?

Posted by joernc November 24, 08 02:00 PM

@22: The difference between "no gravity" and "micro-gravity" doesn't change the validity of my explanation, nor does the fact that I'm happy to post first, even if it's useless. You're not more credible just laughing at me because of that... Would I've been right just by not saying "first post" ? tsk tsk tsk...

Posted by Magzime November 24, 08 02:00 PM

Wow i didn't know so many Physicists looked at this blog ;) Great pictures keep it up

Posted by Jake November 24, 08 02:06 PM

Weight != Mass. Regardless of where you are, you still have mass. Weight is a function of mass and gravity. You are weightless in space if you are falling "around" the object (i.e. orbit).

Posted by Daniel November 24, 08 02:12 PM

Re: Picture 26... the artificial gravity units must be offline (This is 2008, right?)

I want my flying car!!!

Posted by Curtis November 24, 08 02:18 PM

#30: "Open the pod bay doors, Hal."

Posted by Pete November 24, 08 02:33 PM

Picture # 7 That must be some undercover secret Nikon flash gun that can provide fill flash from outer space

Posted by troy November 24, 08 03:02 PM

"kilograms are mass units, no weight units"

The units of weight are Newtons (N)

Posted by Anon. November 24, 08 03:06 PM

Reminds me of my Mechano Set!

Posted by Michael Sand November 24, 08 03:25 PM

@danvk: concerning price tags:

NASAs Budget is actually LESS than 3% of the DoD's budget.

Well, in my book, they could have build a couple more of them spacestations, if they'd cut on the weapons instead...

Posted by Donalbain November 24, 08 03:36 PM

I guess the wikipedia article linked above mostly covers this but i already typed it so... Gravity at an altitude of 350 km above Earth's surface is 90% of what it is at Earth's surface so the object still "weighs" 90% of what it does on the ground. As alluded to in post 33, "weightlessness" is a phenomenon created by the motion of the object around the Earth. Just as passengers in the "Vomit Comet" still have weight, the parabolic flight path of the airplane creates an artificial weightlessness as it puts in passengers into a free fall. The "weighlessness" experienced by an astronaut in the space station or the space shuttle is equally artificial.

Posted by vtlumberjack November 24, 08 04:24 PM

Some people are content with a desk by the window. They guys in pic 30 have a slighly better view while at work... :O

Posted by alkis November 24, 08 04:28 PM

Hey, I know that SPHERES module!
As a former researcher on a related project, I can say for certain that there is interesting science and engineering happening at the ISS that could not happen if we didn't have an orbiting laboratory. Yes, space research is expensive, but it's also a unique opportunity. Amazing breakthrough discoveries are one in a million, but if you don't put up the money to do basic research, you never have them.

Posted by Kat November 24, 08 04:54 PM

Man, it must be a pain to get such long hair done in the morning.

Posted by BertL November 24, 08 04:56 PM

>Can someone identify the photos and magazine covers in #21? Second from the >left, partially covered by Michael Foale, is Yuri Gagarin. Who are the others?

on 1st and 4th photo - Tsiolkovsky
on 2nd and 3rd - Gagarin

Posted by Alexei November 24, 08 05:16 PM

So, is anyone going to respond to the question about weight in space?

Posted by Chris November 24, 08 05:34 PM

what awesome pics full of endless imagination ... Universe - my God - left mankind to explore its magic ...

Posted by cmoonflyer November 24, 08 07:55 PM

After immersing myself in this awesome perspective.... my problems seem so small. Also, space seems so very untouched. What a great way for our nations to work together and start fresh on a new frontier, without boundaries.

Posted by Rick November 24, 08 07:57 PM

bad hair day

Posted by luca November 24, 08 07:58 PM

Absolutely mind blowing beautiful pictures--- just amazing technology, Picture27 30 and 32

Posted by claudiac FPl November 24, 08 07:58 PM

Awesome pictures as usual. I love this blog.

My friend's cousin is in #32, which is also pretty cool.

Posted by Pat November 24, 08 08:17 PM

seriously #45, these people are ridiculous. But I love the pictures.

Posted by Jay November 24, 08 08:48 PM

Man's permanent presence in space. Wow

Posted by medaholic November 24, 08 08:59 PM

#30 - Gave me shivers!!



Posted by Dez! November 24, 08 09:06 PM

this is just awesome! very great pictures, big thanks!

Posted by Ronbert November 24, 08 09:44 PM

I have that same view of Wellington, New Zealand, from my window at work. Granted, not from the same perspective of course :D

Posted by Thomas November 24, 08 10:01 PM

lol @ Chris (#45), almost made me choke.

Posted by Kevin November 24, 08 10:26 PM

HEY!! on #7

IS THAT a CUSTOM MADE NIKON lens for NASA? The body itself and the structure really looks like NIKON.

Posted by Chuck November 25, 08 12:47 AM

Great pictures, that is realy nice!

Posted by Badratgeber November 25, 08 03:36 AM

2: "isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?"

Yes, but Kilogrammes are the SI unit of mass not weight.

On earth 1Kg of mass = 2.2lbs of "weight", but on the moon 1Kg of Mass = 0.367lbs for instance.

Posted by Brian November 25, 08 05:06 AM

i guess gravity of earth still plays a role, it might be little, but that arm doesn't look too strong either. so could be that in reality it could lift 116kilos, but in space, so close to earth, that equals to160000 or so :)

just a wild guess though, i'm far from being an astronaut (unfortunately)

Posted by Ken November 25, 08 05:37 AM

can someone explain the mass and weight thing in space please? thanx.

Posted by malle November 25, 08 06:29 AM

@ photo 7 - can anyone identify the camera he's using?

Posted by Nick November 25, 08 06:53 AM

Happy birthday ISS. Wonderful pictures for my kids.


Greetings from Malaysia.

Posted by Calvin Chan November 25, 08 07:09 AM

Amazing photos - amazing cooperation - shows what we can do as a united world... if only we could apply this spirit to more mundane things of everyday life...

re weight / mass - someones getting confused... KG is a measure of weight. it is 1000th of a metric tonne which is the weight of a 1metre cube of pure water on earth. A LB is just another unit of weight from imperial (British originally) system. Weight in space is zero - yes - but there are still centrifugal forces when you wield a 100tonne object!! hence need for strngth of lifting devices

Posted by BLu DL November 25, 08 07:29 AM

Yeah... I'm still not quite understanding this weight / mass stuff... thing... :P

Excellent Photos!!!

Posted by Kain November 25, 08 07:41 AM

Isn't the ISS in ORBIT of Earth? They are speeding over the earth in such way that it keeps at the same altitude (plus some corrections made)? Still...they are being pulled by earth gravity...

So yes, moving any object will need the use of force anyway.

Posted by Ygdrasil November 25, 08 09:01 AM

Just think what NASA could do with a $700 billion dollar bailout package !

Posted by Matt November 25, 08 10:22 AM

a KILOGRAM, or 1000 GRAMS is a measure of MASS, not weight. 1 KG on Earth is a KG on the moon is a KG on the sun. A pound (lb) is a measure of weight (or force) while a pound mass (lbm) is a measure of mass. Everything has mass and therefore inertia (the tendency of an object to stay at rest or stay in motion) so there are limits to what the arm can move but they aren't WEIGHT limits, only MASS limits in space.

Posted by TheGreatCO November 25, 08 10:55 AM

re mass and weight, the space station has the same mass regardless of where it it is.It weighs nothing because it is in free fall in an orbit around the earth.An astronaut could not lift up the space station with one hand because it has a much greater mass. 'Weightlesness' in space is a misleading term.The astronauts appear to be floating because they are in free fall inside the station which is moving at the same rate as they are.If the space station and the space shuttle bumped against each other and an astronaut was caught between them he would be crushed just as he would be on earth.

Posted by dafydd November 25, 08 12:17 PM

Okay. Here's my best explanation of the "mass vs. weight" thing. It requires a little math, but not too much. It also has footnotes, because I can:

Mass is how much "stuff" you have. When you're in a gravity field(1), (like the Earth's) all that "stuff" is being pulled in the direction of the field. That's weight. Imperial/English units make distinguishing mass from weight confusing, since historically we don't really distinguish---we talk about something weighing 100 lbs as if that described its inertia(2) also. The unit "slug" was invented for mass in english units to try to untangle the issue, but sometimes lbm (pounds-mass) is used instead, and lbf (pounds-force) is used for weight.

On Earth, you can say gravity is a constant:
Weight = Mass x Gravity
Newtons = kgs x 9.8 meters/second
lbs = slugs x 32.2 ft/s

In "microgravity", the mass (kgs/slugs) are exactly the same---you don't lose "stuff" as you go into space---but the gravitational field is much much smaller. Instead of 9.8 m/s, it's essentially zero. If you put zero in place of 9.8 m/s or 32.2 ft/s in those equations above, you'll see why we call it "weightlessness", since anything times zero is zero.

That's why things in space float, but they still have inertia, and why it still requires doing work to move things around in space.

(1) Field just means "force all pulling in the same direction". Earth's gravity field pulls towards the center of the earth, which is why things in Boston or in China both fall down.

(2) Inertia is the tendency of all objects to resist a change in motion.
Something with a lot of inertia will be hard to start moving if it's stopped, and hard to stop moving (or to change the direction of motion).
Objects with lots of mass have lots of inertia.

Posted by Kat November 25, 08 12:19 PM

@danvk (post #18),

I feel sorry for you. You must live in a dull, drab, and boring world where things like this cannot inspire you. I suppose that the Jonestown Colony or the Plymouth Rock settlement were wastes of time and money, and nothing ever came of them either... Try to find a sense of wonder somewhere.

Posted by Larian LeQuella November 25, 08 12:27 PM

just amazing. a great collections of such beautiful photographs....
i can't really say anything. whatever i say is insignificant.
i am so awed by the majesty of it all.

i would just like to thank my friend at BAUT for providing this link. else would have taken me a looong time to come across this lovely collection and site.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY ISS and bless all those who sail in her!

(am flagging it to favourites)

Posted by mahesh November 25, 08 12:35 PM

in response to "somewhere", the answer is yes and no. Weight = Mass * Gravity, so while an object in zero gravity has no weight, it still has mass that must follow the laws of physics. Even in space, in order to move two objects of different masses, a proportional amount of force must be applied to each object.

Posted by alex November 25, 08 01:22 PM

Absolutely spectacular and inspiring.

Posted by Mr. David M. Beyer November 25, 08 02:05 PM

"...payloads as massive as 116,000 kilograms"

isn't all weight in space equal to zero ?"

Yes, but kilograms is a measure of mass, not weight. If the value had been given in pounds, which is a measure of pressure/weight, then it would be nonsensical, but something still has mass and requires energy to be pushed around when in a weightless environment.

Posted by theinquisitor November 25, 08 02:17 PM

i love the water bubble !!!!

Posted by Abi November 25, 08 02:20 PM

@ Larian LeQuella:
Many find much more inspiration and wonders down here on the earth. Besides, costs and experimental results, which danvk was talking about, don't have much to do with the sources of your or his personal inspiration. (Anyway, these are great scientific and engineering achievements, and it probably would be a mind blowing experience to go up there).

Posted by Ari November 25, 08 02:21 PM

This weight & mass comments really are closer to spam than anything. If 5 people wrote the same thing, why on earth (or space, for that matter) do those people think it necessary to do it again.

Oh, wait, maybe because their teachers had to spend a semester to get them to understand and if it doesn't get repeated as often they fear it could not stick...

Anyway.. Great pictures. #12 and #26 are my favourites.

Posted by Miguel November 25, 08 02:39 PM

I get giddy looking at these, it's really miraculous. Wonder if I'll ever get a chance to go up in my lifetime...

Posted by Sam Barnum November 25, 08 03:05 PM

Sspectacular - awsome pics.
NASA, the one Government agency that gives you your money's worth.

Posted by Ed November 25, 08 03:20 PM

What kind of bus is weighing 116 tons ?

Posted by Guillaume November 25, 08 03:45 PM

Since I can't edit my earlier post # 72, my friend whom i mentioned in my earlier post at # 72, from BAUT is 01101001. An inspiring, ever helpful member of our forum. Some posters here may know of him.

I've registered here and look forward to salivatin' a bit more.

Thanks for a great site.

Posted by Anonymous November 25, 08 04:55 PM

"theinquisitor" to the rescue!

Posted by BC November 25, 08 05:52 PM

The contrast between this set and the previous set featuring the troubles in the Congo is heart wrenching...


Posted by ...tom... November 25, 08 06:46 PM

Why doesn't anyone answer the question of weight in space? I would think at least one of you would know?

Posted by Bjarne Gjerdrem November 25, 08 08:16 PM

Excelent views!!!amazing
first post.

Posted by Sérgio Roleira November 25, 08 08:32 PM

The pictures are awe-inspiring and fill you with hope for the future. Anyone who says space exploration is a waste of money has zero imagination and no soul, especially when you look at the facts and find out how little is actually spent on it.

That said, these experiments are an investment in the future of mankind. We WILL eventually have to leave our beautiful earth, but will we be able to when the time comes? I dearly hope we figure out how to expand before overpopulation/resource depletion/a meteoroid wipes us out.

Posted by Phil November 25, 08 09:09 PM


I totally agree. "Waste of money"? This is such a tiny tiny tiny percent of the money completely wasted on a pointless war in Iraq, numerous financial buyouts, and many other projects that cost billions (even trillions) of dollars. If we don't fund scientific studies development will certainly come to a halt.

I completely disagree (with #18) that these experiments could be done on Earth. We cannot sustain periods of low-g/zero-g for long enough for many experiments to be done.

Thank you for these wonderful pictures! But... I'm still not getting this whole mass vs. weight thing... ;)

Posted by clantoncs November 26, 08 12:01 AM


Posted by Maui Mikey November 26, 08 03:08 AM


Posted by Aswin. November 26, 08 06:15 AM

Immagini splendide che esaltano la scienza e la tecnologia.
Nel contempo ci obbligano a mettere in evidenza quanto sciagurati siamo nel compiere azioni che ci porteranno a distruggere il nostro piccolo nido.

Posted by Vincenzo Colella November 26, 08 07:32 AM


Love the water droplet on leaf.

Posted by F Hubert November 26, 08 09:42 AM

No pics of the solar panel repair last year?! Wow! What a miss. Absolutely some of the coolest pics from space station ever taken.

Posted by Dave Mosher November 26, 08 09:51 AM

I like picture #18 the bubble of water reflecting the Astronaut Leroy Chiao is amazing. And the couregeous of the Astronaut in the picture #29 being there without any wire tied to the satelite. It is really scaring it

Posted by Betsabe J. Rodriguez Architect at Langley AFB November 26, 08 10:00 AM

kilograms are a measure of MASS, not weight, so true you are weightless in space, but not massless

Posted by Mark November 26, 08 10:20 AM

Regarding photo 11: Red shirts? Are they nuts? Has nobody learned the lessons of Star Trek?

Posted by choinski November 26, 08 11:11 AM

Excellent photography - especially 18, 24, 26 and 30. If anyone questions the validity of the space program, this is an excellent affirmation.

Posted by nutsonthego November 26, 08 11:52 AM

How's about sending a cat up, to teach we humans how to manoeuvre?

Posted by Noel Falconer November 26, 08 12:56 PM

Photo #10: Thw world's most expensive Myspace photo!

Posted by kevjohn November 26, 08 01:00 PM

Great !!!
And the greetsss from Belgium ,

Posted by François November 26, 08 02:27 PM

Wonderful! who is forever for peace and prosperity of men.
Maravilha!! Que seja eternamente pela paz e para a prosperidade dos homens.

Posted by Rodolfo November 26, 08 02:44 PM

Absolutely beautiful.

Posted by Soheil November 26, 08 02:48 PM

Why are there NO stars?

Posted by freight November 26, 08 03:47 PM

I don't think the flash is going to anything from way up there Sergei.

Posted by Steve November 26, 08 03:52 PM

I get vertigo from watching this pics. Amazing!

Posted by Schmierwurst November 26, 08 03:54 PM

For all you Nikon fans out there, the lens in #7 is a Nikon 400mm f/2.8 AF-I (1994-1998). It is a massive, heavy piece of engineering, so astronauts should love it !

Posted by xavez November 26, 08 07:16 PM

From a distance the planet earth seems so peaceful.

Posted by TommySan November 26, 08 08:35 PM


Posted by Tiago Celestino November 26, 08 09:30 PM

Ahh, #96, quite right, bad choice of top! these guys should have done some serious research before going up there!

#103, ask a photographist. No stars because the apature and shutter speeds are set for close range photos in dim light, and are not open long enough to recieve the fraction of light emmitted by other light sources..... or something like that, see the posts on the Encladease moon photos also on here.

These men and women (how does she wash her hair to keep it so clean?) are taking the tiny steps that will support the long term future of the Human race. They need much more money not less. And any other opinion is short sighted foolish selfishness, and people need to grasp reality a bit more.

Carry on ISS, many more years too you.

Posted by Shedlock2000 November 26, 08 10:46 PM

How can I be there ?

Posted by Parth November 27, 08 07:39 AM

pic #18 is jus amazing!! only in space.

Posted by Anonymous November 27, 08 04:09 PM

#71 - I'm sure you meant JAMEStown, not Jonestown: that is where hundreds of followers of Rev. James Jones drank cyanide-lace Kool-Aid. Jamestown is the colony in Virginia.

Posted by Mikey November 27, 08 04:48 PM

Great photos! Thank you!

Posted by Kimmo November 28, 08 08:51 AM

"Weight in space" (at that altitude) is only slightly less than than on earth. However weight in orbit is almost zero. Stop that sucker and it will fall like a very heavy piece of space junk. That aside ..wonderful pictures.

Posted by Anonymous November 28, 08 04:16 PM

The future of Earth: it's ability to support life is waning. 100 or 200 years maybe it for man on Earth. Man has abused Earth for far too long. So, the future of man is not on Earth, but in space. Sadly, nothing in our solar system looks promising as a new home for 'us,' and we don't have the technology yet to get any of us to the next star, which is 4.3 Light-Years away (that's 186,200 miles per second for 4.3 years to get there). We are a flash in the pan here: space is our only hope. So. how much money is too much to solve THIS problem. That's the real BIG picture.

Posted by Mike November 29, 08 12:53 AM

Never seen fotos like this. Absolutly great.
Thank you

Posted by Anonymous November 29, 08 01:56 AM

I think this fantastic, only God can make this, I love Jesus, I know that God put this man for manager everything, and the man make this history in this word. Congratulations people who are in this parts.
from Brazil - Sao Paulo - Bauru city

Posted by Josef Anthony Ariede November 29, 08 08:53 AM

I am always amazed and grateful when we receive any picture or information regarding our Space Program. Thankful to those brave men/women who have dedicated themselves to achieve this goal!!! Grateful to the bravery of our astronauts who put their lives so as to better our planet with scientific experiments helping mankind.

May God always bless all workers, engineers, scientists, astronauts and, of course, God, who without nothing could be achieved.

Posted by Mrs. Charles M. Miller November 29, 08 11:06 AM

Coming back again to weightlessness issue, remember it is zero only when you are inside freely falling object like spaceship or any other container. As soon as you get out of it, the heavenly object whosoever is having a pull will pull you down to its surface. All objects exerts some amount of gravitational pull to others depending on their mass. When earth is pulling you, you are also pulling it towards yourself. I hope things are clear now.

Posted by raj November 30, 08 01:43 AM

Splendid :)

Posted by Nikhil Bayawat December 1, 08 04:18 AM

This is the next best thing to being there..........Thanks

Posted by Dan McIsaac December 1, 08 01:46 PM

Now that is what we call............H U G E.......FANTASTIC PHOTOGRAPHS

Posted by Dr.Sumeet kumar December 1, 08 05:56 PM

Beautiful! Thanks for sharing these photos and reminding us of the unlimited potential for achievement when we supplant superstition and ignorance with science and reason.

Posted by Dr. Marty Brandon December 1, 08 08:10 PM

Okay, now I know what lens that is in #7 but what camera is mounted to it? It is Nikon but I don't recognize the style.

Posted by G.Alan Fink December 2, 08 07:24 PM

From the stone ages to here and to the future.....we have come so far........

Posted by Gholamreza McKey December 3, 08 04:33 AM

And I thought buildind aircraft was technical--what next

Posted by Robert Dixon December 3, 08 02:02 PM

this big fhoto is very very very very very i like and have.may i Subscription.thi fhoto

Posted by zainularifin December 3, 08 07:27 PM

Estas fotos são magníficas, maravilhosas e inacreditáveis.

Posted by aurea December 4, 08 07:14 AM

they are awsome

Posted by james December 4, 08 06:37 PM

concerning the picture of red planet and object that resembals a log if u will look at whole picture consentrating on black objects and considering picture is not 3d the objects apear to this old plowboy to be erosion water carving into rock making a flat surface or river bank wall look left and right from darker objectsand u see chanellc or a sream bed continueing on its my best guess and that cums from examing river banks and erosion in bare fields after heavy down pore rains also notice that tire marks are not on lower part of the wall thats cause tire didnt touch at fall off

Posted by lightningrod December 4, 08 07:05 PM

Absolutely GREAT S**T! Worth every frigging penny!!

Posted by John Douglas Robertson December 4, 08 08:27 PM

Wow! I am definitely lovin' these pics! ESP # 30! What a view! Ahhhhh! Hopefully, I'll be there someday!

Posted by Coy Melody December 4, 08 10:02 PM

Outstanding photo's.

Posted by Bill Dean, Retired Avionics Eng. December 4, 08 11:25 PM

These pictures are "out of this world" Ha ha. These pictures are beautiful!
Hope to see more in the future.

Posted by Captain Video December 5, 08 01:52 AM

(Glory to God!)

Posted by Shafiq r. December 5, 08 09:05 PM

Fantastic pictures. Would it be possible to get NASA to run our political elections so that the results are announced the moment the polls close with no need for recounts?

Posted by Anonymous December 5, 08 09:31 PM

Houston, we have a problem

Posted by al-ien4 December 7, 08 03:02 AM

Pic 31 also shows Jules Verne (#1) Euro ATV docked, center of frame, with "X" solar panels. A VERY successful mission from what I read. Can't beliebe the caption didn't explain this vehicle.

Posted by STH December 7, 08 07:32 PM

Yes, and wow the photos are amazing, I applaud all and any space exploration.....but does any one else in the world besides me wonder why we can send men into space and back again.....but not make our vehicles make more that 30 miles per gallon........kinda baffles me????????

Is there a conspiracy going on here...........come on.......I am not he only one who has wondered the same thing??????

Wake up Earthings

Posted by Scarlet December 7, 08 08:18 PM

#119 said: "Coming back again to weightlessness issue, remember it is zero only when you are inside freely falling object like spaceship or any other container. As soon as you get out of it, the heavenly object whosoever is having a pull will pull you down to its surface."

Uh, no. An astronaut in a spacesuit outside the ISS is in more or less the same position as an astronaut inside the ISS in terms of how quickly they will fall to Earth. The key factor here is friction, or rather the absence of it. If you're traveling in an airplane and you jump out of it then you'll slow down quickly due to the friction of the air on your body. If you're in the ISS and you step out of it in your space suit then you will still be traveling at the same speed as the ISS because there is essentially nothing to slow you down. At that point, how quickly you will fall to Earth depends on how quickly your orbit decays, which is dependent on mass, surface area, etc., and how they interact with what little atmosphere there is at that altitude.

Posted by Matt December 8, 08 12:40 AM

dearest "somewhere"... Let me try plain English Physics: We measure payload in terms of let's say pounds to accomplish lift off from earth's surface. So you are correct to know that the payload's weight is not equal once it is in space. But other characteristics usually become important, such as its volume or density, mass or thickness. .And once in space we have to think in terms of applied force and speed and strength in overcoming the payload's resistance to changes and movement.. Characteristics such as being solid, or liquid, or gas or any combo take on importance. Think of these variables as traits of personality and character which now demand more attention than weight does. Hope this helped. weweight.wIweweight.,..aandandandaappreciation.appreciationndaaaaappappreciation.

Posted by PatrickGabriel December 9, 08 12:47 AM

Bravo! I hate to think about the cost of these cameras, and the cost of getting them up there, but you see photos like this and it all seems to be worth it.

Posted by Jim December 9, 08 01:25 PM

I like your picture!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Posted by Timothy December 10, 08 12:02 AM

I LOVE the pictures. I actually work at Kennedy Space Center. The question about washing her hair, they take sponge baths in the ISS. Less water waste. She probably didn't wash it for the entire mission. I believe your weight is 1/8th of what it is on earth. The ISS travels at 17,500 mph and orbits the earth every 92 min. It stays on that orbit because if it falls closer the earths gravity would pull it down. Any farther out and it would float off into space. They can boost it up as it falls or the shuttles can when they are attached to the ISS. In zero G they can form a perfect cyystal which helps in the medical field. On earth it would be deformed. I will be sad when they retire the shuttles. It is such a good program!

Posted by M. Thomas December 10, 08 06:32 PM

very good i like go to space tanck you for pictures

Posted by mohammad abedi December 12, 08 02:55 AM

I really enjoyed the pictures.
About the comment 144: ... I believe your weight is 1/8th of what it is on earth. ...
It would be 1/6 th, if the station is on the Moon. But at the station, that is in free flight, weight equals zero.

Posted by Valery Denisenko, Russian Academy of Sciences December 12, 08 08:09 AM

realy i want to look out of this worled. all pictures are good but i want to look other plantes so send to that type of pictures,good work.

Posted by your what? December 13, 08 04:43 AM

This pictures are WONDERFUL

Posted by Anwar December 14, 08 01:38 AM

@Miguel, #78
I got the very same impression scanning through the dozends of comments on the mass/weight topic.

Posted by Martin Hohlfeld December 15, 08 06:12 PM

Pictured results transform from 'Space' minds. What a technology !

Posted by ruzzlan 2312 December 15, 08 09:54 PM

Here's a little analogy for those still struggling with the weight/mass dichotomy.

Imagine you're floating in a calm sea, wearing a life jacket that keeps you bobbing happily up and down in the water. Beside you are two things: a working scale model of an oil tanker weighing one kilogram, and an actual oil taker weighing thousands of tonnes.

You reach out and try to move both of them (i.e. apply force to accelerate them). The little model can be moved easily, but even if you could manage a firm handhold on the full sized tanker, you would have no hope of budging it.

This isn't a perfect analogy - floating in the sea you also have to contend with friction and turbulence from the water - but it gives you a general idea. You could swap that scenario for you and an elephant wearing ice skates on a perfectly smooth field of ice - give that elephant a shove, and who do you think is going to go flying, it or you?

Mass is a function of what kind of material any object is made of and in what quantities. Weird relativity effects aside, mass is a constant. You can only change it by changing the object - chipping pieces off it or sticking them on.

Weight is a measurement of how gravity affects mass. 1kg of mass affected by normal earth gravity has a weight of 1kg. From memory, the Moon has a gravity one sixth that of earth, so that same 1kg mass would only weigh 165g or so in lunar gravity, even though its mass doesn't change.

When you're floating in orbit (actually, you're constantly falling, but falling in a perpetual circle) your weight appears to be zero, because there is no apparent pull of gravity to give you weight. You still have that same mass, though.

Sorry, I've gone on too long.

Beautiful pictures, bu the way. Big Picture is always worth looking at, wether it's space, politics, lanscapes, sporting events, or anything else.

Posted by DexX December 16, 08 12:42 AM

These magnificent photographs, give humankind a smattering of the magnificent accomplishments we have achieved. Wouldn't it be wonderful if we had a time machine to vault forward 100 years to live among what certainly must be other civilizations.

Thank you for this window into our engineering miracles.

Posted by RICHARD DAVIS December 18, 08 01:09 PM


Posted by Mo December 18, 08 05:53 PM

SUIT-SAT Fawkin' ROX!!!!

Posted by steve beschakis December 19, 08 12:31 PM

An incredible universe and the earth is a very small part of it, kind of like an atom in the human body.

Posted by jhr December 19, 08 05:01 PM

The pictures displayed are mixed as to the dates they were taken so in my ignorance I did not fully know what the space station looks like now -- it would help people like me if a diagram is displayed at the beginning showing its various major components and when they were added

Posted by dee wilkerson December 20, 08 12:52 PM

How does the ISS stay in place in space? Does it float or is the speed at which it's traveling in earth's orbit keep it "static"? And how does the shuttle know where to go/point/flow in order to hook up with it? As for the latter question, is it a simple matter of triangulation and working out the math?

Posted by Brian Trusott December 20, 08 09:27 PM


Posted by LUIS PUCHOLO BARRÓN December 23, 08 02:49 PM

De l'espace, il est souvent nécessaire de prendre du recul, surtout en ces temps de crise... je vous transmets nos meilleurs voeux de Noël.
Passez un bon réveillon et une bonne fête .
Soyeux heureux et que le soleil (là je le vois pas vous?) réchauffe la terre et vos coeurs.
Colette et Jean-Marie

Posted by WILLAME December 24, 08 08:42 AM

I have been around 70 years and find it gets more more interesting everyday. what a great time to be alive !!!!!!!!!

Posted by David B. Relyea December 25, 08 11:29 PM

Excelent work... no words to say wonderful pictures.we must be proved to see those pictures.

Posted by k.leelavathi December 26, 08 02:03 AM


Posted by VINCENT J FLYNN December 28, 08 06:56 PM

Happy birthday ISS. Amazing photos !!!!

Posted by Nick January 3, 09 10:26 AM

I'm in one of these photos! just very very small, somewhere in Wellington NZ.

Posted by Chris F January 7, 09 08:49 PM


Posted by kingsaldah January 12, 09 11:21 AM

OMG amazing

Posted by Anonymous January 18, 09 06:29 PM

so, we are waiting the results... what happen at there... what are they explored up there... after 10 years, is there any good development ? i wanna see... :)

Posted by emrah January 25, 09 09:32 AM

nice pictures but they're more ecciting

Posted by cody January 31, 09 03:55 PM

ohhh i like the pic. its just a like merecal.

Posted by haseeb ahmed February 2, 09 10:02 AM

las fotos de la ISS son preciosas

Posted by esperanza February 2, 09 01:53 PM

o lord you probe me and yoi know me as w where can i go to flee from thee if I SOAR into the heavens you are present there

Posted by ROCK TRIPODI February 7, 09 07:12 AM


Posted by bobby February 10, 09 07:22 PM

great website for students and pics

Posted by Anonymous February 13, 09 09:58 AM

i love everything in there

Posted by marcus February 16, 09 11:30 AM

we'v just seen you in south africa at 19:09pm you guys looked like a little star moving and i sust want to say it's amazing to see such amazing stuff i love everything in there,amber

Posted by Anonymous March 6, 09 02:05 PM


Posted by Anonymous March 10, 09 07:14 AM


Posted by CACHELOU March 16, 09 12:17 PM

As always fantastic photos.I check the globe everyday for photos and I'm never disapointed. Keep them coming.

Posted by Butch March 25, 09 08:16 AM

FANTASTIC YOU GUYS i Loooooved it!!!!!!!!!!!!!! those guys were sooooooo HOT

Posted by nuria vidaca March 30, 09 01:32 PM


Posted by Nuria Vidaca March 30, 09 01:35 PM

es hermosa la tierra vista desde las alturas.

Posted by Michael Monge Pineda April 3, 09 02:04 PM

how can i be
in space

Posted by ridhima April 4, 09 04:47 AM


Posted by Thomas Anderson April 18, 09 03:06 PM

i love the pickers and it helped me with my homwork i am 11 and because of you i have got a star SO THANK YOU

Posted by Nadia April 22, 09 06:07 AM

Thanks! we were looking for some big pictures of the iss for a project in our university..I think these photos are exellent! We are expecting more photos like these.

Posted by Oshan April 29, 09 11:29 PM

8 wonder in the world . heartly congrats to space team.

Posted by kishore May 1, 09 02:24 AM

Excellent! Thank you for living the dream that many, many, many of us young men have looked to the heavens and thought "one day, I will be up there". Thank you for bringing us one step closer with these fantastic quality photos. Long live NASA and the global space cooperation.

Posted by Joseph Gaw May 4, 09 06:49 AM

Absolutely mind bogling !


Posted by Johan Spies May 10, 09 09:42 AM

I Want to Go......there.....

Posted by ko thet win May 15, 09 12:09 AM

Photografics are beautiful. Thank you, thank you.
I want to go there, too.

Good Luck

Posted by Grecia May 21, 09 12:30 PM

From The White Knight from Nazereth to the ISS THanks For all the great ? Team Work for us I l Love the pics and hope there will be further work on the ISS. Keep The FAITH And MY Regards To All THe CREWS WHOM ARE THE BEST.


Posted by Troy Bertram Smith May 27, 09 06:31 AM

i like your pictrue beacuse they are a good mte

Posted by Hannah Ayres June 4, 09 06:37 AM

Thank you for the resources. Keep up the good work!.
I am from Burma and too poorly know English, give please true I wrote the following sentence: "Be causing your headaches, stomach problems, depression, asthma, to order our book."

Thanks for the help :-), Kester.

Posted by Kester June 19, 09 09:48 PM

An excellent ISS pictures. In the future, can these brilliant Scientists/Engineers develop some type of magnetic tools to catch flying away objects, for example, lost TOOLBAGS floating around in the space? Or, for that matter, to develop some tools to catch an Astronauts accidentally became loose, you never know! Just for the thought. I am an individual who is nuts about NASA activities.

Posted by NOBUKO BERRYMAN June 22, 09 10:35 AM

Very beautiful, thank you God !!!! Thank you everyone!!!!!! I travel with yours!!!!!!!!

Posted by Azenathy Gonzaga June 23, 09 11:33 PM

Wouldn't it be splendid if we could be treated to photos like this without a couple of doofs bringing up god? Rest assured, no god gave us any of the technology that enabled us to get this far; all of this progress is to be attributed exclusively to mankind, and I think we deserve that much credit. Stop selling yourselves short.

Posted by Ritz June 24, 09 11:58 AM

How a space shuttle can land on the moving ISS?? I guess they both go at the same speed before docking??? But how they dock together??

Posted by subbarao June 25, 09 01:43 AM

This website helped me get 1st place on a project!

Posted by Elizabeth July 9, 09 11:51 AM





Posted by KO OHN MAUNG July 13, 09 04:11 AM

Lovely and amazing pics..............thanks

Posted by Alejandro Martinez July 23, 09 03:10 PM

Why do we go to space? Because we are EXPLORERS. We always have been. These brave men and women and the agencies and governments involved are sculpting the future of the human race.
When we stop exploring, we die.

Posted by terry carroll July 29, 09 05:52 PM

If the ISS with Endeavor docked is traveling at 17,500 miles/hour, how does an astronaut walk in space? Another question, is there complete silence in space?

Posted by Kathy DeFrehn July 29, 09 09:32 PM

So that space station that floats around out in space whoa every time you guys go out there it grows. And I also didn't know you could grow things out in space like plants and stuff.

Posted by Casey Barnett August 23, 09 03:52 PM

A Hot Digital Website more than other.

Posted by Amit Kashyap August 26, 09 08:35 PM

This is the coolest thing I have ever seen

Posted by Michael Goch September 11, 09 09:47 PM

I would like to see photos of the entire ISS. I also would like to know the projects that are currently being worked on. I realize some are of a secret nature but if you could list a simi-detailed explinatation of the others would be great.

Posted by Gary K. White September 29, 09 10:11 AM

WOW!!!!!!!!!!!! amazing i love it

Posted by joel October 22, 09 10:02 PM

i cant imagine how there can be a station in the space......where is its foundation.......extremely fascinating! .Its amazing the amount of knowledge that God has given to mankind.

Posted by Stephen November 18, 09 02:15 PM

lol 196. I was thinking the same thing.

god didn't get us to space, we did. you are entitled to your own opinion though, but that doesn't mean the rest of us want to hear it so keep it to yourselves please.

@208. why even go that far and mention god? that's not even a factual statement. it's a belief, and not everybody believes that. you could have left that out of your post and still had the same message minus your belief. if i told you that i believe in gay marriage can i express that when i look at pictures of space? it would be inappropriate. the same as expressing your god is.

Posted by john doh November 23, 09 09:08 PM

Beautiful! Only Satan's handiwork could have made such extraordinary journeys possible! Praise the vile dark one and his gift of the black arts!

Posted by Stephen November 27, 09 06:11 PM

My wife and I just saw you fly over us in Cocoa, Florida. Awesome....

Posted by Ed and Sue December 6, 09 06:57 AM

thx for the beautiful picture's

Posted by jack December 23, 09 01:44 AM

I have just found this site.The images come as a shock simply because they are so very good.The pictures are informative and stunning.Happy New Year to the crew of the Space Station-and Good Luck.You are setting us all a good example of Internatinal Co-operation and good will.Peace to the World.Peace on Earth.

Posted by David.N.Meagher. December 31, 09 01:34 PM

excellent pictures. nothing to tell about the photography, welldown and good.

Posted by M.VINOTH January 11, 10 02:37 AM

A W esome

Posted by Anonymous February 4, 10 01:51 PM

when can I visit the newest world ISS. Would love it very COOL and BIG

Posted by douglas brigman February 7, 10 07:36 AM

GOD is the greatest

Posted by Haydar February 16, 10 10:57 PM

Итак, спасибо за труды, но очень скучно читать!
Нужно все-таки для народа живее писать.

Posted by Eremej March 21, 10 03:30 AM

thanks 4 the pics

Posted by brittany g. April 22, 10 10:49 AM


Posted by RONAY DE BRUEGERE April 23, 10 03:46 PM

Amazing and Awsome Photos!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Posted by sam May 10, 10 09:57 AM

lil dudes

Posted by Anonymous May 27, 10 10:20 AM

Great pics, just wondering though, why are ther no stars?

Posted by AJ June 1, 10 09:37 AM

I very much like to be part of the growing # of people who would love to visit ISS in the not to distant future.Here is a question?/inquirirey?What ever happened to the question of if or when ZZTOP will ever get to play at theISS?That would be Awesome!:)

Posted by brian dotson August 12, 10 10:51 PM

How mant space stations are their and who owns them

Posted by loveless September 23, 10 12:09 PM

With every glimpse of the stages of the ISS construction, I marvel at man's creative unction that has come to play. Moreso, that man, in just a relatively short time of conquering space have gone this far of having an out post in the heavens.
The ISS is a beauty to behold any day. And I commend the effort in time and resources that have gone in to having the castle up there beyond our home.

Posted by Omega John September 30, 10 10:32 AM

My first visit on this sight. I loved looking at the outer space pictures.

Posted by Paul Burley October 2, 10 12:08 AM

My first visit to this site, but it won't be my last ! I have always loved viewing photographs taken of and from the space station and the shuttles, and will continue to appreciate more of the same. And I frequently watch the station when it passes over my part of the world.

Posted by Don Boxall October 30, 10 04:21 AM


Posted by TIM November 5, 10 12:32 AM

Just watched you fly over Cleveland... Awesome!! Cool pictures, too. Thank you God for technology!!

Posted by jen November 12, 10 07:01 PM

Happy Birthday ISS. I was there a live cam on the ISS we can access and if not, why.

Posted by Tony November 13, 10 06:47 PM

These are very good pics. Howe did you get them. I am working on a space assignment and those pics have helped heaps. 10 cheers to whoever you are.

Posted by Anonymous November 13, 10 07:05 PM

There are some great pictures, I was excited about the spatial and ferries, I had the good fortune to be with the Mexican astronaut, Mr Jose Hernandez, at a conference in Cancun, Mexico.
Congratulations to the entire NASA team
Alfredo N.

Posted by Alfredo Navarro November 26, 10 09:35 AM

Has this craft that was seen over Phoenix in 1997 been linking up with the station?
Would love a close up of a Mile Wide ship!

Posted by Andy December 11, 10 12:26 PM

Que grandes somos los humanos lastima que el avance no es para todos y muchas veces se usa contra nosotros

Posted by scarlett December 11, 10 01:52 PM

Wow, what remarkable achievements from Planet Earth and some astronauts. With my 23 countries experiences, I could say, as an Earthly astronaut, that we have come across good astronauts and should come up with more even from the Philippines and PAGASA. We have to discover more and more about the Universes and Galaxies and so on. I have already studied at the US Library in Dhaka and hope to take Aircraft Engineering in the National Capital Region in the Philippines as a Filipino.

Posted by Gerald D. B. January 1, 11 02:07 AM


Posted by keagan January 7, 11 12:16 PM

Amazing... it's going to be a shame the ISS is in complete control of the Russians though. Am I the only one that thinks it’s a little suspicious that the Russians are suddenly bringing up more camera equipment as less Americans are leaving the ISS? With the majority of the capsules now being Russian owned (two of those use propellant like Progress capsules, which essentially give Russia free reign of the ISS’s movement) and the dependency on Americans on the Soyuz rockets to ferry them up, Russia has a perfect opportunity to push their true agenda with the ISS (intelligence and missile defense, obviously). By 2012, the last American will have withdrawn from the space station, leaving a primarily (if not entirely) Russian crew. This picture says it all… astronaut ab workouts - the two on the right that appear to be very absorbed using the camera system are cosmonauts, and the astronaut innocently working out with an ab belt is on the left. Now does that look like a microcosm of what’s going on or what?

Posted by eric hirota February 23, 11 03:31 PM

With all the troubles here on earth it is very inspiring to see this majestic endeavor by mankind into space being accomplished.

Posted by Pete Granado April 5, 11 06:56 AM
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