The Massachusetts Department of Public Health has confirmed that West Nile Virus has been detected in mosquitoes collected in Framingham, the town's Board of Health announced on Thursday.
West Nile is most commonly transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito, according to the Framingham Board of Health. The mosquitoes that carry this virus are common throughout the state, and are found in urban as well as more rural areas. While West Nile can infect people of all ages, people over the age of 50 are at higher risk for severe infection.
West Nile was also found in Framingham in 2012, when 307 mosquito samples out of almost 7,000 tested positive, according to the board.
The board continues to work closely with the department and other agencies, and the town is working with the East Middlesex Mosquito Control project to provide larval and adult mosquito control services, according to a statement by the board.
The board is recommending the following precautions.
Avoid Mosquito Bites
• Be aware of peak mosquito hours. The hours from dusk to dawn are peak biting times for many mosquitoes. Consider rescheduling outdoor activities that occur during evening or early morning. If you are outdoors at any time and notice mosquitoes around you, take steps to avoid being bitten by moving indoors, covering up and/or wearing repellant.
• Clothing Can Help reduce mosquito bites. Although it may be difficult to do when it’s hot, wearing long-sleeves, long pants and socks when outdoors will help keep mosquitoes away from your skin.
• Apply Insect Repellent when you go outdoors. Use a repellent with DEET, permethrin, picaridin, IR3535, or oil of lemon eucalyptus according to the instructions on the product label. DEET products should not be used on infants under two months of age and should be used in concentrations of 30 percent or less on older children. Oil of lemon eucalyptus should not be used on children under three years of age. Permethrin products are intended for use on items such as clothing, shoes, bed nets and camping gear and should not be applied to skin.
Mosquito-Proof Your Home
• Drain standing water. Many mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water. Limit the number of places around your home for mosquitoes to breed by either draining or getting rid of items that hold water. Check rain gutters and drains. Empty any unused flowerpots and wading pools, and change water in birdbaths frequently.
• Install or repair screens. Some mosquitoes like to come indoors. Keep them outside by having tightly-fitting screens on all of your windows and doors.
For more information on West Nile, go to http://www.mass.gov/dph/wnv.