Much global attention is focused on whether Turkey will become a member of the European Union in the future. By comparison, relatively little attention has been given to the fact that tomorrow the EU will expand yet again, as Romania and Bulgaria join the bloc. By how much did the EUs territory grow in size with the addition of these two new members?
A. 9 percent B. 12 percent C. 14 percent D. 31 percent
A. 9 percent is correct.
With its two new members, the European Union stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Black Sea. Its territory before this latest expansion was 1,535,286 square miles . With Romania and Bulgaria adding 134,522 square miles , the EU's territory has expanded by about 9 percent. If Turkey joins, the EU's land area would expand by 18 percent.
B. 12 percent is not correct.
With the addition of Romania's 22.3 million people and Bulgaria's 7.4 million, the EU's total population reaches about 487 million people. That is about 12.5 percent larger than that of the United States and Japan combined. At that level, the EU accounts for about 7.6 percent of the world's total population.
C. 14 percent is not correct.
The United Nations has a total of 192 member countries at present. Considering that the EU now has 27 member countries, it accounts for 14 percent of the members of the world body. Beyond Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey, there is talk of Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, and Montenegro eventually joining the EU. By 2020, the EU could have a population of about 600 million people and 34 member countries. One problem along the way, however, is that under current treaties, the EU's total membership is limited to 27 nations.
D. 31 percent is not correct.
The 31 percent figure would be right if the question was based on economies. Romania and Bulgaria, at around $9,000, each have a per capita GDP that reaches about 30 percent of the EU average as does Turkey as of 2005 . This compares with 70 percent for the Czech Republic, 45 percent for Poland, and 80 percent for Greece.
The Globalist Quiz is produced by The Globalist, a Washington- based research organization that promotes awareness of world affairs. © 2006 The Globalist, www.theglobalist.com.
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