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Rwanda cuts ties with Paris over efforts to arrest officials

PARIS -- Rwanda severed diplomatic ties with France yesterday in response to a French judge's decision to issue international arrest warrants for nine ranking Rwandans suspected of plotting the 1994 killing of the African nation's president.

The French Foreign Ministry said it regretted Rwanda's decision and was "taking all necessary arrangements."

France's ambassador in Rwanda, Dominique Decherf, will leave the country today, and the 29 other embassy personnel in the capital, Kigali, were to leave by Monday evening, embassy security chief Serge Kulmicht said.

On Wednesday, a French investigating judge issued arrest warrants for nine ranking Rwandans suspected of plotting the downing of then-president Juvenal Habyarimana's airplane on April 6, 1994 -- an act that sparked the country's genocide.

Late Thursday, Rwanda withdrew its ambassador, Emmanuel Ndagijimanam, from Paris for consultations, diplomat Parfait Gahamanyi said. The officials targeted by the French judge are close to Rwanda's current president, Paul Kagame, and the decision has enflamed tensions.

The Rwandan justice minister, Tharcisse Karugarama, said the move was a response to French "bullying."

"There is no reason why there should be diplomatic relations with a country that is actually attempting to destabilize the institutions of Rwanda's government," Karugarama said.

French antiterrorism judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere suspects that nine Rwandans were responsible for plotting the assassination or actually shooting down Habyarimana's airplane.

Bruguiere, renowned for tracking down the terrorist Carlos the Jackal, is investigating the case because the crew on the downed plane was French. The families of the pilot, copilot, and mechanic, who all died in the crash, filed a suit in France in 1998.

After the attack, militants from the Hutu ethnic majority set up roadblocks across the capital, Kigali, and on April 7 began killing Tutsis and moderate Hutus. More than 500,000 people were killed in 100 days. Kagame's Rwanda Patriotic Front toppled the Hutu extremists and ended the genocide.

The question of who shot down the plane has been a central mystery of the genocide. Speculation has focused on Kagame's largely Tutsi force, or hard-line Hutus hoping to encourage mass violence against Tutsis.

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