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Iraqi judges, prosecutors receive training for Hussein trial

LONDON -- US and British officials provided a week of training in international law to about 30 Iraqi judges and prosecutors who will try Saddam Hussein and his top lieutenants, British officials said yesterday.

The members of the Iraqi Special Tribunal attended seminars in London last week and were addressed by legal specialists from the United States and Britain, a Foreign Office spokesman said.

''We are keen to ensure that the special tribunal meets international standards and that people are kept up to date on international legal issues," the spokesman said on customary condition of anonymity. ''Of course, there is a lot of work to be done."

The topics discussed included crimes against humanity and war crimes, he said. The group was addressed over dinner by Lord Woolf, the lord chief justice of England and Wales, his office said.

Hussein appeared in court July 1 to hear seven preliminary charges accusing him of killing rival politicians, gassing the Kurds in 1988, invading Kuwait in 1990, and suppressing Shi'ite Muslim and Kurdish uprisings in 1991.

Eleven of his leading officials also face trial. They include Ali Hasan al-Majid, known as ''Chemical Ali" for his role in chemical weapons attacks against the Kurds; Sultan Hashim Ahmad, Hussein's defense minister; Taha Yassin Ramadan, a former vice president; and Tariq Aziz, former deputy prime minister and foreign minister.

Trying Hussein and former regime members is fraught with difficulties. It has become increasingly difficult to exhume mass graves, recover lost and looted documents, and guarantee the safety of judges, lawyers, and witnesses amid violence in the country.

Some frightened judges have withdrawn from consideration for the tribunal, and there are questions about whether witnesses will testify publicly against former regime members.

Prime Minister Iyad Allawi of Iraq predicted that Hussein's trial could start this month, but a US official has all but dismissed that notion.

UN Secretary General Kofi Annan has said that the tribunal must meet international legal norms and standards and that the world body would not support bringing Hussein before a tribunal that might sentence him to death.

The New York Times reported that, because of his concerns, Annan barred lawyers and judges from the UN war-crimes tribunal from participating in the London training sessions.

''That is a matter for the UN," the Foreign Office spokesman said. ''They have considerable expertise in this area, and we would like to see them assist as well."

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