World leaders agree to delay deadline on warming pact

President Obama wore a traditional tunic at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation dinner yesterday. With him (from left) were Yukio Hatoyama of Japan, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia, Lee Hsien loong of Singapore, and Hu Jintao of China. President Obama wore a traditional tunic at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation dinner yesterday. With him (from left) were Yukio Hatoyama of Japan, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia, Lee Hsien loong of Singapore, and Hu Jintao of China.
(Associated Press
By Jennifer Loven
Associated Press / November 15, 2009

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SINGAPORE - President Obama and nearly two dozen fellow leaders from Europe and the Asia-Pacific region agreed today that next month's much-anticipated international climate change meetings will be merely a way station - not the once hoped-for end point - in the difficult search for a worldwide global warming treaty.

The 192-nation climate conference beginning in three weeks in Copenhagen had originally been intended to produce a new global climate change treaty. Hopes for that have dimmed lately. But comments by Obama and fellow leaders at a hastily arranged breakfast meeting on the sidelines of an Asia-Pacific summit served to put the final nail in any remaining expectations for the December summit.

"There was an assessment by the leaders that it is unrealistic to expect a full internationally, legally binding agreement could be negotiated between now and Copenhagen, which starts in 22 days," said Michael Froman, Obama's deputy national security adviser for international economic matters.

The prime minister of Denmark, Lars Loekke Rasmussen, the UN-sponsored climate conference's chairman, flew overnight to Singapore to present a proposal to the leaders to instead make the Copenhagen goal a matter of crafting a "politically binding" agreement, in hopes of rescuing some future for the badly off-track process.

A fully binding legal agreement would be left to a second meeting next year in Mexico City, Froman said.

Obama backed the approach, cautioning the group not to let the "perfect be the enemy of the good," Froman said. Obama and other leaders, including President Hu Jintao of China, expressed support for progress at Copenhagen. Froman said the Danish proposal would call for Copenhagen to produce "operational impact," but he did not explain how that would work or to what it would apply.

Despite the cooperative-sounding words, the two-year process of crafting a landmark new treaty has been marked by deep distrust between rich, developed nations like the United States and those in Europe, and poorer developing nations such as India, Brazil, and China.

The developed nations hold that all countries must agree to legally binding targets to reduce heat-trapping gases. Developing countries say they can make reductions a goal but not a requirement, and they want more money from wealthy nations to help them make the transition.

How to bridge that gap has made a treaty elusive.

A major bill dealing with energy and climate in the United States, a domestic priority of Obama's is bogged down in the Senate with scant hope it would be completed by next month, giving the American president little to take to Copenhagen. Between that and the developments in Singapore, there may be little reason for Obama to travel to Copenhagen. White House aides had been saying privately that the outcome of talks during Obama's week-long Asia trip, including a three-day visit to China that starts tonight, would help determine whether Obama might go.

Obama arrived in Singapore for the annual 21-nation Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. His focus was more on side meetings, including one later today with President Dmitry Medvedev of Russia in which he hoped to nudge forward a major new arms-control pact. The two nations are in talks on a successor to a Cold War-era agreement that expires in December.

Obama was also sitting down with Indonesia's Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, president of the world's largest Muslim nation and Obama's home as a boy.

And the president planned another milestone: joining a larger meeting that includes the leader of military-ruled Myanmar. Obama is sure to face criticism at>home, particularly from conservatives, for doing so - a significant step up in his administration's new policy of "pragmatic engagement" that is a shift from years of US isolation and sanctions.

Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a member of the 10-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, and Obama is sitting in on their meeting. A US president has never met with a leader of the Burmese junta, one of the world's worst human-rights offenders.

Despite the new engagement, the Obama administration has said that sanctions will not be lifted unless Myanmar's rulers make democratic progress, such as releasing opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and democracy icon who has been under house arrest for most of the last two decades.

Obama aides as well as outside Asia experts have defended the administration's new gamble on Myanmar, even while admitting it may not succeed.

"One definition of insanity is to do the same thing over and over and expect a different outcome," said Jeffrey Bader, Obama's top Asia adviser.