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Bush cautions Maliki on Tehran

Contends Iran is destabilizing force in Iraq

Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki (left) met yesterday with Parviz Davoudi, Iran's first vice president, in Tehran as a translator stood between the men. Davoudi told Maliki that Iran has always worked to help provide and strengthen security in Iraq. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki (left) met yesterday with Parviz Davoudi, Iran's first vice president, in Tehran as a translator stood between the men. Davoudi told Maliki that Iran has always worked to help provide and strengthen security in Iraq. (Vahid Salemi/Associated Press)

WASHINGTON -- President Bush insisted yesterday that Iran is a destabilizing force in Iraq, despite Tehran's assertion to Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki that it is helping secure his country.

Calling Iran a "very troubling nation" that must be isolated, Bush warned Tehran during a White House press conference: "When we catch you playing a nonconstructive role [in Iraq], there will be a price to pay."

Bush spoke as Maliki, facing deepening political woes at home and US criticism for lack of progress in bridging sectarian divisions, won pledges of support from Iran during a visit to the neighboring country.

Playing down signs of warming ties between Baghdad and Tehran, Bush voiced confidence that he and Maliki see eye-to-eye on Iran as a threat.

"If the signal [from Maliki] is that Iran is constructive, I will have to have a heart-to-heart with my friend, the prime minister. Because I don't believe they are constructive," Bush said. "I don't think he, in his heart of heart[s], thinks they're constructive either."

He suggested Maliki had been photographed smiling with his Iranian hosts, including President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, only as a diplomatic nicety.

"You don't want the picture to be kind of, you know, duking it out," Bush said, holding up his fists like a boxer.

It was the second time this week Bush has had to defend his tough stance against Iran with cautionary words to a key ally in the face of possible differences over Tehran's motives.

He warned Afghanistan's president, Hamid Karzai, Monday during a visit to the presidential retreat at Camp David to be more suspicious of Iran after the Afghan leader had brushed aside US accusations that Tehran was arming the Taliban.

Iran, with a majority of Shi'ite Muslims like Iraq, has been an important political player in Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion.

Tehran denies Washington's accusations that it is supplying weapons to militants to fuel violence, and instead blames the US military presence. Baghdad has urged both countries to negotiate and not fight out their differences on Iraqi soil.

During Maliki's visit, Iran's first vice president, Parviz Davoudi, told him Tehran "has always made a special effort to help provide and strengthen security in Iraq," the official IRNA news agency reported.

But Bush dismissed the idea that Iran had a positive role in Iraq, where violence between majority Shi'ites and minority Sunnis has seemed at times to verge on civil war. That has fueled demands from Democrats for a timetable for US withdrawal.

Little more than a month before the Sept. 15 deadline for a crucial Iraq progress report, Bush urged lawmakers to move quickly after their August recess to pass new funding for the war.

Bush said Maliki "knows that weaponry being smuggled in to Iraq from Iran and placed into the hands of extremists . . . is a destabilizing factor."

He said he had asked US diplomats to hold recent meetings with Iranian officials in Baghdad to "send a message that there will be consequences" for arms smuggling into Iraq.

His message to the Iranian people was, "You can do better than this current government." Iran this week said Washington wants to topple its leaders with a "soft revolution."

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