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Report: Violence on rise in Iraq

Sectarian conflict the main culprit, Pentagon says

A US soldier positioned himself during a search operation in Baghdad's Sadr City in April. Iraqi forces conducted more search operations last week after a series of explosions rocked Baghdad. (SHEHAB AHMED/EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY)

WASHINGTON -- Violence in Iraq, as measured by casualties among troops and civilians, has edged higher despite the US-led security push in Baghdad, the Pentagon told Congress yesterday .

In its required quarterly report on security, political, and economic developments in Iraq, covering the February-May period, the Pentagon also raised questions about Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's ability to fulfill a pledge made in January to prohibit political interference in security operations and to allow no safe havens for sectarian militias.

Overall, however, the report said it was too soon to judge whether the security crackdown was working.

The security operation was launched Feb. 14 and is still unfolding as the last of an additional 28,000 or so US forces are getting into position in and around the Iraqi capital. The Pentagon is required by Congress to provide its initial assessment of the operation in July, and General . David Petraeus, the top US commander in Iraq, has said he will report in September.

Yesterday 's broader report, the eighth in a series, said that while violence fell in the capital and in Anbar province west of Baghdad during the February-May period, it increased in other areas, particularly in the outlying areas of Baghdad province and in Diyala province northeast of Baghdad and in the northern province of Nineva.

The report described Iraq's violence as mainly a result of illegally armed groups engaging in a "cycle of sectarian and politically motivated violence, using tactics that include indiscriminate bombing, murder, executions, and indirect fire (rocket and mortar attacks) to intimidate and to provide sectarian conflict."

Unlike the previous such report to Congress submitted in March, the Pentagon made no reference to the debate over whether Iraq is in a civil war. In March it said "some elements of the situation in Iraq are properly descriptive of a `civil war.' " It noted that Maliki had pledged in January, when President Bush announced his commitment to send more US troops to Baghdad, that there would be no political interference in the security crackdown and no sectarian favoritism.