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Ugandan rebels end their war

Lord's Resistance Army strikes deal with government

KAMPALA, Uganda -- The leaders of a shadowy rebel movement that has terrorized Ugandans for nearly two decades went on local radio with a special announcement: As of today, their war is over -- the Lord's Resistance Army will stop fighting.

The rebels, notorious for mutilating innocent civilians, enslaving tens of thousands of children, and driving nearly 2 million people from their homes, have agreed to end one of the most brutal, but least known conflicts in the world.

They signed a truce with the government Saturday that gives rebel fighters three weeks to gather at two villages in largely uninhabited areas across the border in southern Sudan, where they will be protected and monitored. The truce is to take effect this morning.

``We don't expect to see a mass movement tomorrow," Chris Magezi, army spokesman for northern Uganda, said yesterday. ``The LRA [rebels] do not have the confidence to move openly, so they will probably go secretively in groups on foot."

If the deal holds, it will be a breakthrough in pacifying the African region that joins northern Uganda, eastern Congo, and southern Sudan. Rebels from all three nations operated across the borders with impunity for decades until a peace accord halted Congo's civil war in 2003 and southern Sudanese rebels joined Sudan's government in 2005.

Peace would open northern Uganda to greater oil and mineral exploration as well as allow hundreds of thousands of refugees to return to their farms.

The Lord's Resistance Army was formed from the remnants of a northern Uganda rebellion that began in 1986 after President Yoweri Museveni overthrew a brutal military junta.

Joseph Kony, leader of the Lord's Resistance Army, mixed northern politics with religious mysticism, declaring himself a Christian prophet fighting to rule this country of 26 million people by the Ten Commandments.

UN officials estimate Kony's guerrillas kidnapped some 20,000 children over the past 19 years, turning the boys into soldiers and the girls into sex slaves for rebel commanders. Rebel attacks and atrocities also drove 1.7 million to flee their homes.

The International Criminal Court has issued arrest warrants for Kony and other rebel leaders, but the Ugandan government has promised not turn them over in return for an end to the insurgency, which has killed thousands of civilians. An exact death toll is not known.

Human rights groups have condemned Museveni's amnesty offer, but the president argues peace is more important than an international trial.

Kony, who has been seen in public only a handful of times during the insurgency, says he is innocent of the crimes against humanity charges filed by the International Criminal Court.

Under terms of the truce, Kony and other top commanders wanted by the international court are to assemble with their fighters.

The truce does not include details on disarming the rebels or integrating them into Ugandan society. Those terms will be negotiated in Juba, Sudan, with leaders of Sudan's southern region serving as mediators.

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