Biological and chemical weaponry
|Weapons munitions facility|
The Taji facility shown below is one of 65 such facilities in Iraq. UN inspectors found a 122mm chemical weapons shell in Taji early this month, and the Iraqis found four additional shells three days later.
|Mobile biological agent production facilities|
Four sources, including three Iraqis, confirm the existence of these movable facilities comprising trucks and train cars that can be easily moved to evade detection by weapons inspectors. The United States says that Iraq has at least seven mobile facilities with a minimum of 18 trucks.
Sources quoted by Powell
According to one source, an Iraqi chemical engineer who supervised a mobile facility, production runs began on Thursdays at midnight because Iraq thought UNSCOM would not inspect on Friday, the Muslim holy day.
Truck-mounted facilities have at
least two or three trucks and can
produce enough anthrax or
botulinum toxin in a month to kill
thousands. UN specialists agree that
Iraqi scientists can dry the toxins,
making them better weapons.
|Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)|
Path of a UAV test flight
An Iraqi UAV with a wingspan of a few meters
Iraq is said to have been working on a variety of UAVs for more than a decade. UAVs are well suited for dispensing biological and chemical weapons.
On Dec. 7, 2002, Iraq declared that its
UAVs have a range of only 80 km (50
miles). US intelligence detected a UAV
test flight that went around a circuit
several times, reaching 500 km (311
miles) nonstop on autopilot. The distance
is well over the 150 km (93 miles)
allowed by the United Nations.
The US has sources that say Saddam Husseinís regime has been experimenting on human beings to perfect its chemical and biological weapons.
The source says that 1,600 death-row prisoners were transferred in 1995 to a special unit so experiments could be conducted on them.