BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL WEAPONRY Weapons munitions facility
The Taji facility shown here is one of 65 such facilities in Iraq. UN inspectors found a 122mm chemical
weapons shell in Taji early this month, and the Iraqis found four additional shells three days later.
Nov. 10, 2002
15 munitions bunkers shown in yellow and red
outlines. The four in red squares represent active
chemical munitions bunkers. One of these bunkers
is enlarged in the next image.
Nov. 10, 2002
Close-up of a chemical bunker
Security and decontamination vehicle:
Signature items for chemical bunkers.
Inside: Guards and equipment to
monitor leakage from the bunker.
Dec. 22, 2002
Sanitized chemical bunker
Security and decontamination
vehicles are gone.
Bunkers are “clean” when the
Mobile biological agent production facilities
Four sources, including three Iraqis, confirm the existence of these movable facilities comprising trucks and
train cars that can be easily moved to evade detection by weapons inspectors. The United States says that
Iraq has at least seven mobile facilities with a minimum of 18 trucks.
Sources quoted by Powell
According to one source, an Iraqi
chemical engineer who supervised a
mobile facility, production runs
began on Thursdays at midnight
because Iraq thought UNSCOM
would not inspect on Friday, the
Muslim holy day.
Truck-mounted facilities have at
least two or three trucks and can
produce enough anthrax or
botulinum toxin in a month to kill
thousands. UN specialists agree that
Iraqi scientists can dry the toxins,
making them better weapons.
Artist renderings based on eyewitness interviews
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
Iraq is said to have been working on a variety of UAVs for more than a decade. UAVs
are well suited for dispensing biological and chemical weapons.
An Iraqi UAV with a wingspan of a few meters
On Dec. 7, 2002, Iraq declared that its
UAVs have a range of only 80 km (50
miles). US intelligence detected a UAV
test flight that went around a circuit
several times, reaching 500 km (311
miles) nonstop on autopilot. The distance
is well over the 150 km (93 miles)
allowed by the United Nations.
The US has sources that say Saddam Hussein’s regime has been experimenting on
human beings to perfect its chemical and biological weapons.
The source says that 1,600 death-row prisoners were transferred in 1995 to a special
unit so experiments could be conducted on them.
Iraq declared 8,500 liters, but UNSCOM
estimates Iraq could have 25,000 liters.
VX NERVE AGENT
Iraq admitted to having 4 tons of VX
after Saddam Hussein’s late son-in-law
defected and led inspectors to collect
UNSCOM also has forensic evidence
that Iraq produced and weaponized VX,
but Iraq denies ever weaponizing the
Iraq has failed to account for:
550 artillery shells of mustard gas
30,000 empty munitions
Enough precursors to increase
chemical agent stockpile to 500 tons
6,500 bombs from Iran-Iraq war,
estimated by UNMOVIC to contain 1,000
tons of chemical agent
Iraq has continually denied having a nuclear weapons program, but information from defectors proves otherwise. Iraq
has two of three key components to build a nuclear bomb — a cadre of nuclear scientists and a bomb design. Since
1998, Saddam Hussein has been trying to acquire the final component, fissile material, to create a nuclear explosion.
To create fissile material, Iraq
has to develop ways to enrich
uranium and is alleged to be
acquiring techniques such as
separation, gas centrifuge, and
Iraq has tried repeatedly to
aluminum tubes from 11
countries, even after inspections
resumed. The aluminum tubes
are banned for Iraq.
Experts who have examined
the aluminum tubes (above)
that were seized before they
reached Baghdad agree that
the tubes were intended to
serve as rotors in gas
centrifuges to enrich uranium.
Other experts and the Iraqis
argue that they are for
producing rocket bodies for a
although the specifications
exceed US requirements for
Between 1999 and 2002,
Iraqi officials have tried to
buy a magnet production
plant and machines for
balancing gas centrifuge
UN regulations state that Iraq’s missiles may not have a range of more than 150 km (93 miles). It is thought by the
United States that Iraq still possesses “a few dozen” SCUD variant ballistic missiles. These missiles have ranges of
650-900 km (404-559 miles). UNMOVIC has reported the importing of 380 SA-2 rocket engines that Powell says
could extend the range of Iraq’s missiles to 1,200 km (746 miles).
Ballistic missile ranges ------ = Permitted range ------ = Current missiles - - - - = Current missiles
Larger test stand
According to Powell, "The exhaust on the right test stand is five-times longer
than the one on the left. The one on the left was used for short-range missiles.
The one on the right is clearly intended for long-range missiles that can fly
1,200 kilometers." Below, Al-Rafa’h liquid engine test facility:
LINKS TO TERRORISM
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
This suspected terrorist was
living in Baghdad and received
medical treatment there.
Powell says that the US asked
for his extradition through a
friendly government, but Iraqi
officials claimed that they
could not find him.
Iraqi connections to Al Qaeda
Iraqi agents allegedly assisted al-Zarqawi in Afghan
training camps. Powell says, "Saddam became
more interested as he saw Al Qaeda's appalling
attacks. A detained Al Qaeda member tells us that
Saddam was more willing to assist Al Qaeda after
the 1998 bombings of our embassies in Kenya and
Tanzania. Saddam was also impressed by Al
Qaeda’s attacks on the USS Cole in Yemen in
SOURCE: Secretary of State Colin Powell speech to the United Nations
PHOTOS: Associated Press
GLOBE STAFF GRAPHIC: Hwei Wen Foo, Christopher Melchiondo