Second man charged in U.S. embassy attack
Prepared to die
The Air Strikes
From the CIA
U.S. has long blamed Sudan for harboring terroristsBy The Associated Press, 08/20/98
Sudan, the largest country in Africa, is also one of the continent's poorest. It has been bogged down in a 15-year civil war in the south that has left 1.5 million people dead from the fighting and ensuing famines.
Ever since the country's independence in 1956, the country repeatedly has been torn by dissension between the south - largely African, Christian and animist - and the Arab and Muslim north.
The current Islamic government, which took power in a 1989 coup, has been clear in its hostility toward Washington.
``America incarnates the devil for Muslims,'' Hassan Turabi, Sudan's Islamic leader, told The Associated Press in an interview last year. ``When I say Muslims, I mean all the Muslims in the world.''
Turabi is believed to be the power behind the government of President Omar Hassan el-Bashir.
Osama bin Laden, a Saudi millionaire whom U.S. officials call a major sponsor of international terrorism, spent about four years in Sudan. He left in 1995 after Western countries pressured the government to force him out. Bin Laden returned to Afghanistan, where he was a leader in the Muslim fight against Soviet domination of the country.
There are reports Sudan also has sheltered pro-Iranian groups and Islamic militants fighting the secular regime of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
Sudan has been on Washington's list of states sponsoring terrorism since 1993. Washington has frozen Sudanese assets in the United States, blocked trade with Sudan and banned U.S. investments in the country in an effort to limit the government's power.
The United States cut all but humanitarian aid to Sudan in 1989.
© Copyright 1998 Boston Globe Electronic Publishing, Inc.
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