Birthdate: June 8, 1970, in Tucson.
Family: Husband, Mark Kelly, is an astronaut who has been on three missions, including commanding the Discovery in 2008, and is assigned to command the upcoming flight of the Endeavor.
Education: Scripps College, bachelor’s of art; Cornell University, master’s.
Previous occupation: Owner of El Campo Tire, family business.
Political experience: Arizona state representative, 2001-03; state senator, 2003-05, US representative, 2007-.
Congressional positions: A former Republican and a member of the Blue Dog Coalition and New Democrat Coalition, she is considered a fiscal conservative and pro-business. She has been an ardent supporter of increasing border security to halt illegal immigration (her Eighth District is one of 10 in the country bordering Mexico) but has also called for a path to citizenship for workers here illegally. A backer of veterans’ rights, she serves on the House Committee on Armed Services; a big supporter of solar energy, she is also on the House Committee on Science and Technology and in 2009 was appointed chair of the Space and Aeronautics Subcommittee. She is a longtime gun owner and strong supporter of the Second Amendment. Giffords voted for President Obama’s health care overhaul.
Last Election: She narrowly won reelection, defeating Jesse Kelly, a Republican backed by Tea Party movement groups. She won by about 1 percentage point.
Personal: An avid hiker and motorcycle rider, she is a member of the Congressional Motorcycle Caucus.