Pool of disabled veterans grows
Costs are soaring as wars' toll rises
WASHINGTON - Increasing numbers of US troops have left the military with damaged bodies and minds, an ever-larger pool of disabled veterans that will cost the nation billions for decades to come - even as the total population of America's veterans shrinks.
Despite the decline in veterans - as soldiers from World War II and Korea die - the government expects to be spending $59 billion a year to compensate injured warriors in 25 years, up from today's $29 billion, according to internal documents obtained by the Associated Press. And the Veterans Affairs Department concedes that the bill could be much higher.
Veterans now have worse wounds and more disabilities. In addition, more veterans are aware of the benefits and are quicker to file for them.
Another reason for the higher costs is advanced medical care. Troops come home with severe injuries that might have killed them in earlier wars.
Time is also a factor when it comes to disability compensation costs. Payments tend to go up as veterans age, and an increasing number of soldiers from the Vietnam War will be getting bigger payments as they age and are less able to work around their disabilities.
The number of disabled veterans has jumped by 25 percent since 2001 - to 2.9 million - and the cause is no mystery.
"This is a cost of war," said Steve Smithson, a deputy director at the American Legion. "We're still producing veterans. We've been in a war in Iraq for five years now, and the war on terror since 9/11."
VA and Census Bureau figures show the previous six-year period, before hostilities in Afghanistan and Iraq, saw a more modest increase of 4 percent in the number of disabled veterans. Veterans can make claims for disability benefits long after their military service has ended.
Today's veterans - disabled or not - number nearly 24 million. That population is projected by the VA to fall under 15 million by 2033, mostly because of dying World War II and Korean War vets, but costs are expected to rise.
Inflation accounts for a big chunk of the increase. But even when the VA factors out inflation, the compensation for disabled veterans would still grow from $29 billion to $33 billion in today's dollars.
VA officials declined several requests for interviews. In a written response to a handful of questions, the agency noted a few factors at play in the rising costs, such as the aging veterans population, an increase in the number of disabilities claimed, and the severity of injuries sustained.
Smithson said today's veterans also are filing claims for more disabilities. "It's not like the WWII generation and Korean War generation where they weren't aware of what they could file for," he said.