WASHINGTON -- Despite growing anxiety about the war in Iraq, President Bush refused to set a timetable yesterday for bringing home US troops and declared, ''I'm not giving up on the mission. We're doing the right thing."
Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari of Iraq, with Bush at a White House news conference, expressed gratitude for the heavy US sacrifice in Iraq, the deaths of at least 1,730 members of the military.
''You have given us something more than money," said Jaafari, who visited wounded US troops Thursday night at a military hospital. ''You have given us a lot of your sons, your children, that were killed beside our own children in Iraq. . . . This is more precious than any other kind of support we receive."
Iraq's relentless violence and bloodshed have taken a heavy political toll on Bush and have raised alarms in Congress. Public doubts about the war have increased to some of their highest levels since the March 2003 invasion. Just over half of Americans surveyed in a recent AP-Ipsos poll said the United States made a mistake going to war, and almost six in 10 said they don't approve of the way Bush has handled Iraq.
Hoping to build public support, Bush will address the nation at 8 p.m. Tuesday. He will speak from Fort Bragg, N.C., home of the Army's elite 82d Airborne Division, on the first anniversary of the transfer of power from the US-led coalition to Iraq's interim government.
Bush turned aside calls in Congress and elsewhere for setting a deadline for the pullout of US troops.
''This is an enemy that will be defeated," Bush pledged. ''You don't have to worry, Mr. Prime Minister, about timetables."
''This is not the time to fall back," Jaafari agreed.
The two leaders spoke in the East Room after news broke of a deadly car bombing against US troops in Fallujah.
''The way ahead is not going to be easy," Bush cautioned, saying the killings and suicide bombings show that the insurgents have no regard for human life.
''The enemy's goal is to drive us out of Iraq before the Iraqis have established a secure, democratic government," he said. ''They will not succeed."
Bush said he was optimistic about the training of Iraqi troops and moves toward democracy. ''We're making good progress," the president said.
By Aug. 15, Iraq's National Assembly is to unveil the draft of a constitution, and within two months a ratification referendum is to be held. If approved, the constitution will provide the basis for general elections by Dec. 15.
Insisting his strategy is working, Bush said, ''I'm not giving up on the mission. We're doing the right thing, which is to set the foundation for peace and freedom. And I understand why the Al Qaeda network, for example, is terrified about democracy, because democracy is the opposite of what they believe."
Bush said the United States faces an enemy that ''wants to shake our will and get us to leave" by creating scenes of carnage that are shown on television.
''They know that it bothers people to see death and it does. It bothers me, it bothers American citizens, it bothers Iraqis," he said.
Bush said setting a timetable for withdrawing US forces would only prompt the insurgents to ''wait us out. . . . You know, if you give a timetable you're conceding too much to the enemy."
With his job approval ratings among the worst since he took office, Bush was asked by a reporter if he were in a second-term slump that limited his political influence over the international and domestic agenda.
''A quagmire, perhaps?" Bush suggested with a smile. He went on to say that ''this is a time of testing" and that that he had challenged Congress to take on tough issues. He blamed lawmakers for being hesitant to tackle issues that might make it harder for them to be reelected.
''And so I'm not surprised that there is a kind of a reaction -- the do-nothing reaction in Congress toward Social Security -- and I'm not surprised the American people are saying, 'I wonder why nothing is getting done.' "