Death row inmate in Utah chooses to face firing squad

Critics troubled by spectacle of Old West justice

By Jennifer Dobner
Associated Press / April 24, 2010

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SALT LAKE CITY — Utah is set to execute a convicted killer by firing squad in June after a judge agreed yesterday to the inmate’s request for the method, renewing a debate over what critics see as an antiquated, Old West-style of justice.

Ronnie Lee Gardner, 49, was given the choice of being killed by lethal injection or shot by a five-man team of executioners firing from a set of matched rifles, a rarely used relic that harkens back to Utah’s territorial history.

“I would like the firing squad, please,’’ Gardner told state Judge Robin Reese yesterday, after Reese told him his avenues for appeal appear to be exhausted.

Gardner was sentenced to death for killing an attorney 25 years ago during a failed escape attempt and shootout.

Of the 35 states with the death penalty, Utah is the only one to use the firing squad as a method of execution since the US Supreme Court reinstated capital punishment in 1976.

Two men have died in a hail of bullets since that decision: Gary Gilmore, on Jan. 17, 1977 — after uttering the last words, “Let’s do it’’ — and John Albert Taylor on Jan. 26, 1996.

Oklahoma considers a firing squad an acceptable option, but by law would use it only if lethal injection was deemed unconstitutional. The state has never used the method.

The hearing yesterday was conducted amid heavy security with several officers standing guard around Gardner and his attorneys.

Gardner’s lawyer, Andrew Parnes, said an appeal is planned, but it was not immediately clear what type of appeal it would be. The judge set the execution for June 18.

Defense attorneys argued against signing the death warrant yesterday, saying a jury never heard mitigating evidence in the case that could have led it to decide against the death penalty. They also said that to execute Gardner after so many years is cruel and unusual punishment.

Utah’s death row inmates were for decades allowed to choose how they wanted to die. State lawmakers removed that choice in 2004 and made lethal injection the default method, though inmates sentenced before then still have a choice.

The repeal of the firing squad was not tied to any discomfort with the method itself. Rather, state lawmakers disliked the heaps of negative media attention that firing squads focused on the state, said Representative Sheryl Allen, a Republican from Bountiful, who twice carried legislation to change the law.

In 1996, more than 150 media outlets descended on Utah to cover Taylor’s execution, painting the firing squad as an Old West style of justice that allows killers to go out in a blaze of glory that embarrasses the state.

“I was just hoping to end that focus,’’ said Allen, adding that she’s displeased with the prospect of another firing squad execution. “I fear that the proper attention will not be paid to the victims of the crime and the atrocity of the crime.’’

Still, lawmakers did not retroactively ban the firing squad out of fear that it would give condemned inmates a new avenue of appeal, she said.

Gardner is one of at least four of 10 men on Utah’s death row who have said they want to die by firing squad.

Lydia Kalish, Amnesty International’s death penalty abolition coordinator for Utah, said her organization opposes the state’s effort to see Gardner executed. But despite Utah’s strong religious roots — it’s the home of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints — most here support the use of the death penalty.

“I think in Utah, when it suits their purposes, they go back to the Old Testament and the ‘eye for an eye’ kind of thing,’’ Kalish said. “These people may be the worst of the worst, but if the best we can do is repeat the same thing, it’s so obviously wrong.’’

Gardner was convicted of the fatal shooting death of Utah attorney Michael J. Burdell during an escape attempt and shootout at the old Metropolitan Hall of Justice in downtown Salt Lake City on April 2, 1985.