Today is Sunday, Jan. 30, the 30th day of 2011. There are 335 days left in the year.Today's Highlight in History:
On Jan. 30, 1948, Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi, 78, was shot and killed in New Delhi by Nathuram Godse (neh-too-RAHM' gahd-SAY'), a Hindu extremist. (Godse and a co-conspirator were later executed.)On this date:
In 1649, England's King Charles I was beheaded.
In 1882, the 32nd president of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was born in Hyde Park, N.Y.
In 1911, James White, an intellectually disabled black man who'd been convicted of rape for having sex with a 14-year-old white girl when he was 16, was publicly hanged in Bell County, Ky. Jazz trumpeter Roy Eldridge was born in Pittsburgh.
In 1931, the Charles Chaplin feature "City Lights" had its world premiere in Los Angeles.
In 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany. The first episode of the "Lone Ranger" radio program was broadcast on station WXYZ in Detroit.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy delivered his first State of the Union address before a joint session of Congress. Author, journalist and radio commentator Dorothy Thompson died in Lisbon, Portugal, at age 67.
In 1964, the United States launched Ranger 6, an unmanned spacecraft carrying television cameras that crash-landed on the moon, but failed to send back images.
In 1968, the Tet Offensive began during the Vietnam War as Communist forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnamese provincial capitals.
In 1972, 13 Roman Catholic civil rights marchers were shot to death by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."
In 1981, an estimated two million New Yorkers turned out for a ticker-tape parade honoring the freed American hostages from Iran.Ten years ago: Republicans pushed John Ashcroft's attorney general nomination to the Senate floor by a narrow 10-8 Judiciary Committee vote; all but one Democrat voted against him.
Five years ago: Coretta Scott King, widow of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., died in Rosarito Beach, Mexico, at age 78.
One year ago: China suspended military exchange visits with the United States in protest over $6.4 billion in planned U.S. arms sales to Taiwan. (Those exchanges were reinstated in Jan. 2011.) Thousands of demonstrators from across Japan marched in central Tokyo to protest a U.S. military base on the island of Okinawa. Serena Williams ended Justine Henin's hopes of a Grand Slam title in her return from retirement with a 6-4, 3-6, 6-2 victory in the Australian Open final.Today's Birthdays: Actress Dorothy Malone is 86. Producer-director Harold Prince is 83. Actor Gene Hackman is 81. Actress Tammy Grimes is 77. Actress Vanessa Redgrave is 74. Chess grandmaster Boris Spassky is 74. Country singer Jeanne Pruett is 74. Country singer Norma Jean is 73. Former Vice President Dick Cheney is 70. Rock singer Marty Balin is 69. Rhythm-and-blues musician William King (The Commodores) is 62. Singer Phil Collins is 60. Actor Charles S. Dutton is 60. World Golf Hall of Famer Curtis Strange is 56. Actress-comedian Brett Butler is 53. Singer Jody Watley is 52. Actor-filmmaker Dexter Scott King is 50. The King of Jordan, Abdullah II, is 49. Actor Norbert Leo Butz is 44. Country singer Tammy Cochran is 39. Actor Christian Bale is 37. Pop-country singer-songwriter Josh Kelley is 31. Actor Wilmer Valderrama is 31. Actor Jake Thomas is 21. Thought for Today: "Only when we are no longer afraid do we begin to live." -- Dorothy Thompson (1893-1961). (Above Advance for Use Sunday, Jan. 30) Copyright 2011, The Associated Press. All rights reserved.