Today in History

By The Associated Press
August 15, 2010

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Today is Sunday, Aug. 15, the 227th day of 2010. There are 138 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Aug. 15, 1945, Japan's Emperor Hirohito announced in a pre-recorded radio address that his country had accepted terms of surrender for ending World War II.

On this date:

In 1057, Macbeth, King of Scots, was killed in battle by Malcolm, the eldest son of King Duncan, whom Macbeth had slain.

In 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica.

In 1914, the Panama Canal opened to traffic.

In 1935, humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow in the Alaska Territory.

In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces landed in southern France in Operation Dragoon.

In 1947, India became independent after some 200 years of British rule.

In 1960, the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) became independent of French rule.

In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.

In 1971, President Richard Nixon announced a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.

In 1998, 29 people were killed by a car bomb that tore apart the center of Omagh (OH'-mah), Northern Ireland; a splinter group calling itself the Real IRA claimed responsibility.

Ten years ago: Democrats stirred memories of President John F. Kennedy at their national convention in Los Angeles, with his daughter Caroline beckoning delegates to turn the New Frontier into a "timeless call" that would send Al Gore to the White House. British Airways joined Air France in grounding its Concorde supersonic jets in the wake of the July 25 crash near Paris that claimed 113 lives. A group of 100 separated family members from North Korea arrived in South Korea for temporary reunions with relatives they had not seen for half a century; a group of 100 South Koreans visited the North.

Five years ago: Iraqi leaders failed to meet a key deadline for finishing a new constitution. Gang members rioted in seven Guatemalan prisons, leaving 35 inmates dead. Phil Mickelson claimed a one-shot victory in the PGA Championship in Springfield, N.J. James Dougherty, the retired Los Angeles detective who was the first husband of Marilyn Monroe, died in San Rafael, Calif. at age 84.

One year ago: U.S. Sen. Jim Webb, D-Va., visiting Myanmar, was able to secure the release of John Yettaw, an American imprisoned for swimming to the home of Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi (ahng sahn soo chee). A wedding tent fire in Kuwait claimed the lives of 55 women and children. Virginia Davis, 90, who'd appeared in Walt Disney's pioneering "Alice" films in the 1920s, died in Corona, Calif.

Today's Birthdays: Actress Rose Marie is 87. Political activist Phyllis Schlafly is 86. Actor Mike Connors is 85. Actress Lori Nelson is 77. Civil rights activist Vernon Jordan is 75. Actor Jim Dale is 75. Actress Pat Priest is 74. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer is 72. U.S. Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.) is 72. Musician Pete York (Spencer Davis Group) is 68. Author-journalist Linda Ellerbee is 66. Songwriter Jimmy Webb is 64. Rock singer-musician Tom Johnston (The Doobie Brothers) is 62. Actress Phyllis Smith (TV: "The Office") is 61. Britain's Princess Anne is 60. Actress Tess Harper is 60. Actor Larry Mathews is 55. Actor Zeljko Ivanek (ZEHL'-koh eh-VON'-ehk) is 53. Actor-comedian Rondell Sheridan is 52. Rock singer-musician Matt Johnson (The The) is 49. Movie director Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu (ihn-YAH'-ee-tu) ("Babel") is 47. Actress Debi Mazar is 46. Country singer Angela Rae (Wild Horses) is 44. Actor Peter Hermann is 43. Actress Debra Messing is 42. Actor Anthony Anderson is 40. Actor Ben Affleck is 38. Singer Mikey Graham (Boyzone) is 38. Actress Natasha Henstridge is 36. Actress Nicole Paggi is 33. Figure skater Jennifer Kirk is 26. Latin pop singer Belinda (cq) (Film: "The Cheetah Girls 2") is 21. Rock singer Joe Jonas (The Jonas Brothers) is 21. Actress Jennifer Lawrence (TV: "The Bill Engvall Show") is 20.

Thought for Today: "Forgiveness is the key to action and freedom." -- Hannah Arendt, American author and philosopher (1906-1975).

(Above Advance for Use Sunday, Aug. 15)

Copyright 2010, The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

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