Knowing beyond seeing

Through fencing, blind students learn skills for everyday life

Minh Farrow dueled with Shaun Coughlan as instructor Cesar Morales adjusted their starting point during the Carroll Center for the Blind fencing tournament yesterday. Minh Farrow dueled with Shaun Coughlan as instructor Cesar Morales adjusted their starting point during the Carroll Center for the Blind fencing tournament yesterday. (Matthew J. Lee/ Globe Staff)
By Kathleen Burge
Globe Staff / March 30, 2010

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NEWTON — In the final moments of the fencing match, the young men in white sat in folding chairs and shouted, “Ty-ler, Ty-ler.’’ The object of their cheers, Tyler Terrasi, looked nervous as he pulled on his black mask and picked up his weapon, a slender metal foil. His opponent, Collier Sims, stood tall and perfectly still, ready to duel.

The cheers quieted and once the referee signaled the match could begin, the air filled with the sound of metal sliding against metal. Twice, Sims’ foil made contact with the white protective jacket covering Terrasi’s torso. And then a third time, the slender blade arched as it hit Terrasi’s chest. “Halt,’’ shouted the referee, fencing coach Cesar Morales. “Attack for Collier is good!’’

And with that, the first known fencing competition among blind students ended yesterday with Sims, 24, from The Carroll Center for the Blind in Newton, the champion. Terrasi, a 20-year-old student at the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, won the sec ond-place trophy.

“A lot of the fencing actions that we do, we can apply them to everyday life,’’ Morales said. “When they are going to cross the street, the goal is to get to the other side. When they fence, the goal is to advance and to hit the other person.’’

Sims, who came to the Carroll Center in January from her Oklahoma City home, lost much of her vision three years ago after a brain injury. To make the competition fair, she and other Carroll students who have some sight slipped on blindfolds before they attached their masks.

Adding the mask was particularly daunting, Sims said. “I think it’s difficult at first,’’ she said. “Just the memorization of it all is pretty difficult.’’

The competition was the brainchild of Morales, who has taught fencing at Carroll for three years and now, starting this year, at Perkins. Standard fencing rules were modified only slightly for the event.

First, the blind fencers began every match with their weapons touching, giving them a chance to orient themselves and figure out the position of their opponent. And second, any contact with an opponent’s upper body counted as a point. Usually an opponent’s arms are not considered targets under fencing rules.

The Carroll Center has been teaching fencing to its clients since 1954, when Thomas J. Carroll founded the country’s first civilian residential rehabilitation program for the newly blind. Perkins is new to the sport.

“We use it to develop orientation skills for people who just lost their vision,’’ said Rabih Dow, Carroll’s director of rehabilitation services and international training.

Carroll clients are generally people born with sight who later lost their vision. That gives them an advantage because it is easier for them to walk in a straight line and therefore advance at their fencing opponent more effectively.

Morales says the techniques his blind students learn for getting around can also help them with fencing. Just as they use a white cane to help navigate, they can use their foil to give them information about their opponent. Learning how to advance with their weapon helps them learn about orienting their body, he said.

“In fencing, everything is done with the point of the weapon,’’ he said.

Morales, who came to the United States from Cuba in 1995, runs his own studio, now based at Pine Manor College in Chestnut Hill. Until recently, he was head coach at the Boston Fencing Club.

Yesterday, Terrasi, the Perkins student, was happy to place second. But he conceded that he couldn’t react quickly enough to Sims’ advances.

Cory Kadlik, 19, a Perkins student from Medway, has fenced for only 10 weeks. But he was intrigued by the sport and hopes to continue practicing. For him, the biggest difficulty is advancing directly toward his opponent.

“I’m still not straight,’’ he said. “I pull to the left.’’

Kadlik thinks fencing for the blind has so much promise that he hopes other teams will form in the wake of the Perkins-Carroll competition. He won’t be fencing for Perkins next year, though. He will return to his local public high school, which doesn’t have a fencing team.

Kathleen Burge can be reached at

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