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Today in history - Oct. 28

Today's Highlight in History:

On Oct. 28, 1886, the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Cleveland.

On this date:

In 1636, the General Court of Massachusetts passed a legislative act establishing Harvard College.

In 1776, the Battle of White Plains was fought during the Revolutionary War, resulting in a limited British victory.

In 1893, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducted the first public performance of his Symphony Number 6 in B minor ("Pathetique") in St. Petersburg, Russia, just nine days before his death.

In 1919, Congress enacted the Volstead Act, which provided for enforcement of Prohibition, over President Wilson's veto.

In 1936, President Roosevelt rededicated the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.

In 1940, Italy invaded Greece during World War II.

In 1958, the Roman Catholic patriarch of Venice, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, was elected pope; he took the name John XXIII.

In 1962, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of missile bases in Cuba.

In 1965, Pope Paul VI issued a decree absolving Jews of collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

In 1986, the true centennial of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated in New York with ceremonies that were modest compared with the hoopla of "Liberty Weekend" the previous July.

Ten years ago: A day after plunging 554 points, the stock market roared back, posting a 337-point recovery, with more than 1 billion shares traded.

Five years ago: American diplomat Laurence Foley was assassinated in front of his house in Amman, Jordan, in the first such attack on a U.S. diplomat in decades. Russian President Vladimir Putin led a national day of mourning as relatives and friends grieved for the more than 100 captives who died in the siege at a Moscow theater. A student flunking out of the University of Arizona nursing school fatally shot three of his professors, then killed himself.

One year ago: President Bush spoke by video conference with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki as he sought to reaffirm support for the Iraqi leader. Former heavyweight champion Trevor Berbick was found dead in a Jamaican church courtyard, the victim of a fatal beating; he was believed to be 51. Basketball Hall-of-Fame coach Red Auerbach died in Washington at age 89.

Today's Birthdays: Jazz singer Cleo Laine is 80. Actress Joan Plowright is 78. Musician-songwriter Charlie Daniels is 71. Actress Jane Alexander is 68. Singer Curtis Lee is 66. Actor Dennis Franz is 63. Pop singer Wayne Fontana is 62. Actress Telma Hopkins is 59. Olympic track and field gold medalist Bruce Jenner is 58. Actress Annie Potts is 55. Microsoft chairman Bill Gates is 52. Rock musician Stephen Morris (New Order) is 50. Country singer-musician Ron Hemby (The Buffalo Club) is 49. Rock singer-musician William Reid (The Jesus & Mary Chain) is 49. Actor Mark Derwin is 47. Actress Daphne Zuniga is 45. Actress Lauren Holly is 44. Olympic silver medal figure skater Paul Wylie is 43. Actress Jami Gertz is 42. Actor-comedian Andy Richter is 41. Actress Julia Roberts is 40. Country singer-musician Caitlin Cary is 39. Actor Jeremy Davies is 38. Singer Ben Harper is 38. Country singer Brad Paisley is 35. Actor Joaquin Phoenix is 33. Singer Justin Guarini ("American Idol") is 29.

Thought for Today: "Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense." -- Gertrude Stein, American author (1874-1946).

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