► Today is Tuesday, Aug. 23, the 235th day of 2011. There are 130 days left in the year. ► Today’s birthdays: Actress Vera Miles is 81. Political satirist Mark Russell is 79. Actress Barbara Eden is 77. Pro Football Hall of Famer Sonny Jurgensen is 77. Actor Richard Sanders is 71. Ballet dancer Patricia McBride is 69. Former US surgeon general Antonia Novello is 67. Pro Football Hall of Famer Rayfield Wright is 66. Country singer Rex Allen Jr. is 64. Singer Linda Thompson is 64. Actress Shelley Long is 62. Actor-singer Rick Springfield is 62. Country musician Woody Paul (Riders in the Sky) is 62. Queen Noor of Jordan is 60. Actor-producer Mark Hudson is 60. Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Mike Boddicker is 54. Rock musician Dean DeLeo (Stone Temple Pilots) is 50. Tejano singer Emilio Navaira is 49. Country musician Ira Dean (Trick Pony) is 42. Actor Jay Mohr is 41. Actor Ray Park is 37. Actor Scott Caan is 35. Country singer Shelly Fairchild is 34. Figure skater Nicole Bobek is 34. Rock singer Julian Casablancas (The Strokes) is 33. LA Lakers star Kobe Bryant is 33. Actress Kimberly Matula is 23. ► In 1305, Scottish rebel leader Sir William Wallace was executed by the English for treason. ► In 1754, France’s King Louis XVI was born at Versailles. ► In 1775, Britain’s King George III proclaimed the American colonies to be in a state of “open and avowed rebellion.’’ ► In 1914, Japan declared war against Germany in World War I. ► In 1926, silent film star Rudolph Valentino died in New York at 31. ► In 1939, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, in Moscow. ► In 1944, Romanian prime minister Ion Antonescu was dismissed by King Michael, paving the way for Romania to abandon the Axis in favor of the Allies. ► In 1960, Broadway librettist Oscar Hammerstein II died in Doylestown, Pa., at 65. ► In 1973, a bank robbery-turned-hostage-taking began in Stockholm; the four hostages ended up empathizing with their captors, a psychological condition now referred to as “Stockholm Syndrome.’’ ► In 1989, in a case that inflamed racial tensions in New York, Yusuf Hawkins, a 16-year-old black youth, was shot dead after he and his friends were confronted by a group of white youths in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn. ► In 2001, Representative Gary Condit (D-Calif.), interviewed on ABC, denied any involvement in the disappearance of Washington intern Chandra Levy. (Ingmar Guandique, an illegal immigrant from El Salvador, was convicted in November 2010 of murdering Levy, and was sentenced to 60 years in prison.) Thierry Devaux, a Frenchman using a motor-driven parachute, was rescued and arrested after becoming snagged on the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor. NATO soldiers streamed into Macedonia to help end ethnic hostilities.