► Today is Monday, Aug. 15, the 227th day of 2011. There are 138 days left in the year.
► Today’s birthdays: Actress Rose Marie is 88. Political activist Phyllis Schlafly is 87. Actor Mike Connors is 86. Game show host Jim Lange is 79. Actress Lori Nelson is 78. Civil rights activist Vernon Jordan is 76. Actor Jim Dale is 76. Actress Pat Priest is 75. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer is 73. US Representative Maxine Waters (D-Calif.) is 73. Musician Pete York (Spencer Davis Group) is 69. Journalist Linda Ellerbee is 67. Songwriter Jimmy Webb is 65. Rock singer Tom Johnston (The Doobie Brothers) is 63. Actress Phyllis Smith is 62. Britain’s Princess Anne is 61. Actress Tess Harper is 61. Actor Larry Mathews is 56. Actor Zeljko Ivanek is 54. Actor-comedian Rondell Sheridan is 53. Rock singer Matt Johnson (The The) is 50. Movie director Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu is 48. Country singer Angela Rae (Wild Horses) is 45. Actor Peter Hermann is 44. Actress Debra Messing is 43. Actor Anthony Anderson is 41. Actor Ben Affleck is 39. Singer Mikey Graham (Boyzone) is 39. Actress Natasha Henstridge is 37. Actress Nicole Paggi is 34. Latin pop singer Belinda (“The Cheetah Girls 2’’) is 22. Rock singer Joe Jonas is 22. Actor-singer Carlos Pena is 22. Actress Jennifer Lawrence is 21.
► In 1057, Macbeth, King of Scots, was killed in battle by Malcolm, eldest son of King Duncan, whom Macbeth had slain.
► In 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica.
► In 1914, the Panama Canal opened to traffic.
► In 1935, humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their airplane crashed in the Alaska Territory.
► In 1945, in a radio address, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito announced that his country had accepted terms of surrender.
► In 1947, India became independent after some 200 years of British rule.
► In 1961, as workers began constructing a Berlin wall made of concrete, East German soldier Conrad Schumann leapt to freedom over a tangle of barbed wire.
► In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.
► In 1974, a gunman attempted to shoot South Korean President Park Chung-hee during a speech; Park was unhurt, but his wife and a teenage girl were killed. (The gunman was later executed.)
► In 1998, a car bomb in Omagh, Northern Ireland, killed 29 people; a splinter group calling itself the Real IRA claimed responsibility.
► In 2001, astronomers announced the discovery of the first solar system outside our own.
► In 2010, former medical student Philip Markoff, charged with killing Julissa Brisman, a masseuse he had met through Craigslist, was found dead in his Boston jail cell, a suicide.