Spending surge in November tops estimates

1.1% gain is largest in 3 1/2 years, lessens recession concerns

Heavy discounting and longer store hours at the start of the holiday season by retailers led to a consumer spending rate last month nearly triple that of October. Heavy discounting and longer store hours at the start of the holiday season by retailers led to a consumer spending rate last month nearly triple that of October. (Marcio Jose Sanchez/Associated Press)
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Associated Press / December 22, 2007

WASHINGTON - Consumers put aside worries about slumping home sales and soaring gasoline prices and headed to the malls in November, pushing spending up by the largest amount in 3 1/2 years. The better-than-expected surge lessened fears of an imminent recession.

The Commerce Department reported yesterday that consumer spending shot up 1.1 percent last month, nearly triple the 0.4 gain in October. It was the biggest one-month jump since a 1.2 percent rise in May 2004 and was significantly higher than the 0.7 percent gain analysts had expected.

Incomes were also up last month, but the 0.4 percent increase was far below the rise in spending.

Consequently, the personal savings rate dipped back into negative territory as households spent savings and borrowed to finance November purchases.

Analysts attributed part of the spending to worries that the all-important Christmas shopping period may not be strong given the factors weighing on the economy.

Still, the strong November relieved some concerns that a recession might be looming.

"Consumers did their part in November, but we will see whether they are up to it for the full Christmas season and into next year," said Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody's "Their financial firepower is fading due to the weaker job market, surging gasoline and food prices which cut into their purchasing power, and the evaporating housing market."

On Wall Street, stocks surged, helped by the strength shown in consumer spending. The Dow Jones industrial average finished up 205.01 points at 13,450.65.

Consumer spending is closely watched because it accounts for two-thirds of economic growth. Many analysts said the unexpectedly strong November was causing them to boost their forecasts for overall growth this quarter.

David Wyss, chief economist at Standard & Poor's in New York, said he now thinks the economy would grow at around a 1.5 percent rate in the current quarter, rather than his previous view that the gross domestic product growth might fall below 1 percent. He said he still felt GDP growth could slow to around 0.5 percent in the first quarter of 2008.

"We still think the first quarter of next year will be the weak spot," said Wyss.

He said he still believed economic weakness would prompt further interest rate cuts by the Federal Reserve.

An inflation gauge tied to spending that is closely followed by the Fed showed a 0.6 percent increase in November, the biggest jump in more than two years, reflecting last month's big surge in gasoline prices.

Excluding energy and food, prices were up 0.2 percent. Core inflation is up 2.2 percent over the past 12 months, above the upper range of the Federal Reserve's comfort zone of 1 percent to 2 percent.

With spending rising at a faster rate than savings, the nation's savings rate dipped into negative territory in November at 0.5 percent, the first negative savings rate in 15 months.

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