NEW YORK - Rocky Aoki, who founded the
The cause was pneumonia, said Nancy Bauer, a spokeswoman for the family.
In 1964, when Mr. Aoki opened his first Benihana steakhouse, on West 56th Street in Manhattan, he introduced New Yorkers to dining as theater and chefs as culinary acrobats. Seated around a flat steel grill, customers watched chefs sharpen their knives, toss them in the air, drizzle the grill with oil, sizzle the chicken, shrimp, or steak on the grill, and flip the food onto the plates. Children stared goggle-eyed.
Benihana's style of food is called teppan-yaki. Eating there is "equal parts restaurant, magic show, and performance art," said David Rockwell, the founder of the Rockwell Group, a Manhattan architecture firm that has designed more than 75 restaurants. "It was way ahead of its time."
Mr. Aoki also introduced many Americans to Japanese food. "He was the first one who made it accessible for non-Japanese people to enjoy the Japanese experience," said Drew Nieporent, whose Myriad Restaurant Group runs a number of restaurants. "The key thing was he made it fun," he said.
Before Benihana opened, most Japanese restaurants in New York were styled only for the Japanese population, Nieporent said. Mr. Aoki changed the environment.
Hiroaki Aoki was born Oct. 9, 1938. From an early age, he was familiar with the restaurant life; his parents owned a coffee shop, which later became a full-service restaurant, according to the Benihana website.
Mr. Aoki came to the United States from Japan when he was 19 and several years later he opened the first restaurant with $10,000 he had earned selling ice cream out of a truck. Within seven years, he had expanded his empire to 15 restaurants.
Mr. Aoki resigned from the company in 1998 after learning that he was under investigation for insider trading. The next year, he pleaded guilty to charges that he had used an illegal tip to buy stock in Spectrum Information Technologies when he heard that John Sculley, then the chairman of
Mr. Aoki was as theatrical as his restaurants, and enjoyed "flirting with death," as Rockwell put it. He raced boats and flew in hot-air balloons.
Bauer said Mr. Aoki leaves his third wife, Keiko Ono Aoki, and six children.