When you look at bygone advertisements, it’s hard not to chuckle and think: You silly people, you got taken in by that? The Baker Library at the Harvard Business School is running an exhibition called “The Art of American Advertising” through August 1. It features posters and trade cards (collectible cards given as product premiums) from 1865-1910—the long dawn of modern advertising when advances in manufacturing, transportation, and communication created the first mass-markets for goods like cigarettes, candy, and soda.
The exhibition includes a trade card for Nelson Morris & Co. sugar-cured hams that features a plump pig and the humorous tagline, “Pull my tail and hear me squeal.” A trade card for Singer sewing machines boasts, “Over two million in use,” and cites the hundreds of awards the machines has won at trade fairs.
“[Advertisers used] celebrities, women, children, animals depicted in humorous situations,” said Christine Riggle, a special collections librarian at the business school, noting that Jumbo the Elephant was an especially popular celebrity endorser. “Essentially the marketing gimmicks are not that different from today.” If that’s true—which it seems to be—then maybe the joke isn’t so much on those 19th century simpletons, as it is on us.
Images courtesy of the Baker Library, Harvard Business School.
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