Shadow type is a third grader's friend when he wants to make a book report spiffy. Now that relief lettering is found in every word processing program, it's fun to think about a time when it was cutting edge. In a new book, "Shadow Type: Classic Three-Dimensional Lettering," Steven Heller, cochair of the MFA Design Department at the School of Visual Arts, and Louise Fili, a graphic designer, take a visual tour through the heyday of shadow type. "It started in the late 18th century when engravings began," Heller says. "Typography was looked at as more than just sitting on the page, it was looked at as jumping off the page." Shadow type originated in the 18th century but went mainstream in the first decades of the 20th century, when it became ubiquitous on signs, posters, catalogs, advertisements, magazine covers, logos, and trademarks. Shadow type even became the unofficial typeface of the fascists in Italy (see the second image below), which for a time made it a slightly less popular design option in America. Shadow type isn't novel anymore, but Heller explains designers still turn to it whenever they want "a bit of dimension or monumentality, or to echo the 19th or early 20th centuries."
Images courtesy of Steven Heller.
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