Tessa Dunlop summarizes the history of the tattoo for History Today -- and it is weirder than you might imagine. I, for one, think of longshoremen and Marines when I think of tattoos. In fact, "over a hundred years ago tattooing was a novel pastime among the very wealthy in London’s most fashionable circles: an artistic reminder of the nation’s imperial reach."
Tatoos, of course, have existed all around the world for thousands of years. But they first entered Western consciousness in the eighteenth century, during Captain Cook's voyage to Polynesia:
His men were among the first Europeans to acquire Polynesian tattoos, setting a trend that eventually spread through the Royal Navy. By the early 19th century 90 per cent of sailors sported a tattoo as a souvenir of their distant travels, often practising the technique onboard ship. A unique iconography emerged: a turtle signalled that its bearer had crossed the equator, an anchor the Atlantic, a dragon for those who had served on a China station. The more artistic among the sailors later retired to establish the first tattoo parlours in Europe’s port cities and to this day tattooing remains the only form of Polynesian art widely adopted by westerners.
The tattoo went upscale in 1862, when Prince Bertie -- later Edward VII -- visited the Holy Land and got a tattoo of the Jerusalem Cross. Fast forward a few years, and "members of the social elite gathered in drawing rooms to disrobe partially and show off their expensive and painfully acquired body art." For the rest of the story, visit History Today.
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